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2018 Publications

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A

Abdullahi LH, Smit I, Engel ME, Watkins DA, Zuhlke LJ. 2018. Task sharing to improve the prevention, diagnosis and management of rheumatic heart disease: a systematic review protocol. BMJ Open. 8(2)1-4.
Adam A, Claassen F, Coovadia A, de Maayer T, Fockema M, Fredericks J, Gottlich E, Grindell L, Haffejee M, Lazarus J, Levy C, Mathabe K, McCulloch M, Moonsamy G, Moshokoa E, Mutambirwa S, Patel H, van der Merwe A, Van Heerden I, Van Vijk F, Deshpande A, Smith G, Hoebeke P. 2018. The South African guidelines on Enuresis—2017. African Journal of Urology. 24(1):1-3.
Alhazmi A, Petersen R, Donald KA. 2018. Quality of life among parents of South African children with autism spectrum disorder. Acta Neuropsychiatrica. 30(4):226-231.
Allegretti JR, Kassam Z, Osman M, Budree S, Fischer M, Kelly CR. 2018. The 5D framework: a clinical primer for fecal microbiota transplantation to treat Clostridium difficile infection. Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. 87(1):18-29.
Andreieva IO, Konstantynovska O, Midulla F, Marangu D, Mchedlishvili N. 2018. Summer schools of adult and paediatric respiratory medicine: course report. Breathe. 14(1):9-12.
Appiah JA, Salie S, Argent A, Morrow B. 2018. Characteristics, course and outcomes of children admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit after cardiac arrest. Southern African Journal of Critical Care. 34(2):58-64.
Argent A. 2018. Considerations for Assessing the Appropriateness of High-Cost Pediatric Care in Low-Income Regions Frontiers in Pediatrics. 6:1-11.
Argent A. 2018. Death and Dying Over 30 Years in the ICU: Personal Reflection. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 19(8S):S53-S54.
Argent A. 2018. Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Survivors—What Happens After the PICU?. Critical Care Medicine. 46(11):1866-1867.
Argent A. 2018. PICU in Mozambique-The Real Challenge of Pediatric Intensive Care When Resources Are Less Than What You Might Want (or Need). Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 19(11):1094-1095.
Argent AC. 2018. Treating dehydrating diarrhoea at district hospital level in sub-Saharan Africa: from policy to reality. Lancet Child and Adolescent Health. 2(7):471-472.
Argent AC, Chisti MJ, Ranjit S. 2018. What’s new in PICU in resource limited settings? Intensive Care Medicine. 44(4):467-469.
Argent AC, McCulloch MI. 2018. Sodium and Related Disorders. 1:242-246.
Auvin S, Wirrell E, Donald KA, Berl M, Hartmann H, Valente KD, Van Bogaert P, Cross JH, Osawa M, Kanemura H, Aihara M, Guerreiro MM, Samia P, Vinayan KP, Smith ML, Carmant L, Kerr M, Hermann B, Dunn D, Wilmshurst JM. 2018. Systematic review of the screening, diagnosis, and management of ADHD in children with epilepsy. Consensus paper of the Task Force on Comorbidities of the ILAE Pediatric Commission. Epilepsia. 59(10):1867-1880.
Ayuk AC, Eze JN, Edelu BO, Oguonu T. 2018. The prevalence of allergic diseases among children with asthma: What is the impact on asthma control in South East Nigeria? Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice. 21(5):632-638.
Ayuk AC, Ramjith J, Zar HJ. 2018. Environmental risk factors for asthma in 13-14 year old African children. Pediatric Pulmonology. 5(11):1475-1484.

B

Babatunde O, Smuts H, Eley B, Korsman S, de Lacy R, Hardie DR. 2018. Fulminant hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in an infant following mother-to-child transmission of an e-minus HBV mutant: time to relook at HBV prophylaxis in South African infants  South African Medical Journal. 108:389-392.
Bailey S, Parkes J, Davidson A. 2018. Global Challenges in Pediatric Neuro-Oncology. 403-426.
Balme K, McCulloch M, Stephen C. 2018. Prolonged paralysis in a child with organophosphate pesticide poisoning. South African Medical Journal. 108(6):468-470.
Barnett W, Halligan S, Heron J, Fraser A, Koen N, Zar HJ, Donald KA, Stein DJ. 2018. Maltreatment in childhood and intimate partner violence: a latent class growth analysis in a South African pregnancy cohort. Child Abuse and Neglect. 86:336-348.
Bélard S, Heuvelings CC, Banderker E, Bateman L, Heller T, Andronikou S, Workman L, Grobusch MP, Zar HJ. 2018. Utility of point-of-care ultrasound in children with pulmonary tuberculosis. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 37(7):637-642.
Bembea MM, Cheifetz IM, Fortenberry JD, Bunchman TE, Valentine SL, Bateman ST, Steiner ME, Argent A. 2018. Recommendations on the Indications for RBC Transfusion for the Critically Ill Child Receiving Support From Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation, Ventricular Assist, and Renal Replacement Therapy Devices From the Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 19(9S):S157-S162.
Bembea MM, Valentine SL, Bateman ST, Wilson LM, Anton B, Harger N, Robinson KA, Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative (TAXI), Pediatric Critical Care Blood Research Network (BloodNet) and the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network, Valentine SL, Bateman ST, Argent A, Carson JL, Cholette JM, Doctor A, Lacroix J, Remy K, Demaret P, Emeriaud G, Hassan NE, Kneyber MCJ, Tucci M, Guzzetta N, Hall MW, Muszynski JA, Spinella PC, Macrae D, Karam O, Russell RT, Stricker P, Vogel AM, Tasker RC, Turgeon AF, Schwartz SM, Willems A, Josephson CD, Luban NLC, Lehmann LE, Parker RI, Stanworth SJ, Steiner ME, Zantek ND, Bembea MM, Bunchman T, Cheifetz IM, Fortenberry JD, Delaney M, Parker RI, van de Watering L, Robinson KA, Malone S, Steffen K. 2018. The Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative Consensus Conference Methodology. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 19(9S):S93-S97.
Berckmoes L, Reis R. 2018. Qualitative research on the intergenerational transmission of antisocial behaviour in conflict-affected contexts. 311-328.
Black F, Amien F, Shea J. 2018. An assessment of the isoniazid preventive therapy programme for children in a busy primary healthcare clinic in Nelson Mandela Bay Health District, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. South African Medical Journal. 108(3):217-223.
Borren NZ, Conway G, Garber JJ, Khalili H, Budree S, Mallick H, Yajnik V, Xavier RJ, Ananthakrishnan AN. 2018. Differences in clinical course, genetics, and the microbiome between familial and sporadic inflammatory bowel diseases. Journal of Crohn's and Colitis. 12(5):525-531.
Borres MP, Karabus S. 2018. What is new in allergy and component testing? Current Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 31(3):131-136.
Bousquet J, Arnavielhe S, Bedbrook A. et al.  2018. MASK 2017: ARIA digitally-enabled, integrated, person-centred care for rhinitis and asthma multimorbidity using real-world-evidence. Clinical and Translational Allergy. 8(45):1-21.
Breen MS, Wingo AP, Koen N, Donald KA, Nicol M, Zar HJ, Ressler KJ, Buxbaum JD, Stein DJ. 2018. Gene expression in cord blood links genetic risk for neurodevelopmental disorders with maternal psychological distress and adverse childhood outcomes. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 73:320-330.
Brittain K, Asafu-Agyei NA, Hoare J, Bekker LG, Rabie H, Nuttall J, Roux P, Stein DJ, Zar HJ, Myer L. 2018. Association of Adolescent- and Caregiver-Reported Antiretroviral Therapy Adherence with HIV Viral Load Among Perinatally-infected South African Adolescents. AIDS and Behavior. 22:909-917.

C

Chatwin M, Toussaint M, Gonçalves MR, Sheers N, Mellies U, Gonzales-Bermejo J, Sancho J, Fauroux B, Andersen T, Hov B, Nygren-Bonnier M, Lacombe M, Pernet K, Kampelmacher M, Devaux C, Kinnett K, Sheehan D, Rao F, Villanova M, Berlowitz D, Morrow BM 2018. Airway clearance techniques in neuromuscular disorders: a state of the art review. Respiratory Medicine.136:98-110.
Chaya S, De Decker R, Zampoli M, Vanker A. 2018. An unusual cause of haemoptysis in childhood: A case report and literature review. African Journal of Thoracic and Critical Care Medicine. 24(3):104-106.
Chaya S, Zampoli M, Gray D, Booth J, Riordan G, Ndondo A, Fieggen K, Rusch J, van der Watt G, Pillay K, van der Westhuizen F, Menezes M, Wilmshurst J. 2018. The First Case of Riboflavin Transporter Deficiency in sub-Saharan Africa. Seminars in Pediatric Neurology. 26(10):14
Chetty-Mhlanga S, Basera W, Fuhrimann S, Probst-Hensch N, Delport S, Mugari M, Van Wyk J, Röösli M, Dalvie MA. 2018. A prospective cohort study of school-going children investigating reproductive and neurobehavioral health effects due to environmental pesticide exposure in the Western Cape, South Africa: study protocol. BMC Public Health. 18(1):1-13.
Cholette JM, Willems A, Valentine SL, Bateman ST, Schwartz SM, Argent A. 2018. Recommendations on RBC Transfusion in Infants and Children With Acquired and Congenital Heart Disease From the Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 19(9S):S137-S148.
Choong K, Canci F, Clark H, Hopkins R, Kudchadkar S, Lati J, Morrow B, Neu C, Wieczorek B, Zebuhr C. 2018. Practice recommendations for early mobilization in critically ill children. Journal of Pediatric Intensive Care. 7:14-26.
Claassen-Weitz S, Gardner-Lubbe S, Nicol P, Botha G, Mounaud S, Shankar J, Nierman WC, Mulder N, Budree S, Zar HJ, Nicol MP, Kaba M. 2018. HIV-exposure, early life feeding practices and delivery mode impacts on faecal bacterial profiles in a South African birth cohort. Scientific Reports. 8(1)15.
Clow SE. 2018. Does maternal employment affect breastfeeding in Plateau State, Nigeria?  Africa Journal of Nursing and Midwifery. 19:2. 
Copelyn J, Apolles P, Davies M, Eley B. 2018. Short-term outcomes of down-referral in provision of paediatric antiretroviral therapy at red cross war memorial children’s hospital, Cape Town, South Africa: A retrospective cohort study. South African Medical Journal. 108(5):432-438.
Corten L, Jelsma J, Human A, Rahim S, Morrow BM. 2018. Assisted autogenic drainage in infants and young children hospitalized with uncomplicated pneumonia, a pilot study. Physiotherapy Research International. 23(1):1-8.
Cox SG, Davidson A, Thomas J, Brooks A, Hewitson J, Numanoglu A, Millar AJ. 2018. Surgical management and outcomes of 12 cases of Wilms tumour with intracardiac extension from a single centre. Pediatric Surgery International. 34(2):227-235.

D

Davidson A, Howard SC. 2018. Delivering modern anticancer therapies in low-and middle-income settings: We can be evidence based. Pediatric Blood and Cancer. 65(12):1-2.
de Boer AW, Drewes YM, de Mutsert R, Numans ME, den Heijer M, Dekkers OM, de Roos A, Lamb HJ, Blom JW, Reis R. 2018. Incidental findings in research: A focus group study about the perspective of the research participant. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. 47(1):230-237.
De Decker R. 2018. CATHCHAT. European Heart Journal. 39(23):2129-2132.
Demaret P, Emeriaud G, Hassan NE, Kneyber MC, Valentine SL, Bateman ST, Tucci M, Argent A. 2018. Recommendations on RBC Transfusions in Critically Ill Children With Acute Respiratory Failure From the Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 19(9S):S114-S120.
Dicker D, Nguyen G, Abate D, et al. GBD 2017 Mortality Collaborators. 2018. Global, regional, and national age-sex-specific mortality and life expectancy, 1950–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet. 392(10159):1684-1735.
Dlamini SK, Madhi SA, Muloiwa R, von Gottberg A, Moosa MY, Meiring ST, Wiysonge CS, Hefer E, Mulaudzi MB, Nuttall J, Moorhouse M, Kagina BM. 2018. Guidelines for the vaccination of HIV-infected adolescents and adults in South Africa. Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine. 19(1):1-8.
Doctor A, Cholette JM, Remy KE, Argent A, Carson JL, Valentine SL, Bateman ST, Lacroix J. 2018. Recommendations on RBC Transfusion in General Critically Ill Children Based on Hemoglobin and/or Physiologic Thresholds From the Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 19(9):S98-S113.
Doherty T, Kroon M, Rhoda N, Sanders D. 2018. Child mortality in South Africa: Is the Sustainable Development Goal (3.2) target achievable with current efforts? South African Medical Journal. 108(10):795.
Doherty T, Lewin S, Kinney M, Sanders D, Mathews C, Daviaud E, Goga A, Bhana A, Besada D, Vanleeuw L, Loveday M, Odendaal W, Leon N. 2018. Addressing the tensions and complexities involved in commissioning and undertaking implementation research in low-and middle-income countries. BMJ Global Health. 3(4):1-5.
Doherty T, Tran N, Sanders D, Dalglish SL, Hipgrave D, Rasanathan K, Sundararaman T, Ved R, Mason E. 2018. Role of district health management teams in child health strategies. BMJ (British Medical Journal). 362:1-5.
Donald KA, Wedderburn CJ, Barnett W, Hoffman N, Zar HJ, Redei E, Stein DJ. 2018. Thyroid function in pregnant women with moderate to severe alcohol consumption is related to infant developmental outcomes. Frontiers in Endocrinology. 9(1):10.
Donald KA; Hoogenhout M; Du PLooy CP; Wedderburn CJ; Nhapi RT; Barnett W; Hoffman N; Malcolm-Smith S; Zar HJ; Stein DJ. 2018. Drakenstein Child Health Study (DCHS): Investigating determinants of early child development and cognition. BMJ Paediatrics Open. 2(1):e000282.
Dougherty S, Beaton A, Nascimento BR, Zühlke LJ, Khorsandi M, Wilson N. 2018. Prevention and control of rheumatic heart disease: Overcoming core challenges in resource-poor environments. Annals of Pediatric Cardiology. 11(1):68-78.
Dube FS, Ramjith J, Gardner-Lubbe S, Nduru P, Robberts FJL, Wolter N, Zar HJ, Nicol MP. 2018. Longitudinal characterization of nasopharyngeal colonization with Streptococcus pneumoniae in a South African birth cohort post 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine implementation. Scientific Reports. 8(1):9.
Dyer RA, Emmanuel A, Adams SC, Lombard CJ, Arcache MJ, Vorster A, Wong CA, Higgins N, Reed AR, James MF, Joolay Y, Schulein S, van Dyk D. 2018. A randomised comparison of bolus phenylephrine and ephedrine for the management of spinal hypotension in patients with severe preeclampsia and fetal compromise. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia. 33:23-31.

E

Esterhuizen AI, Carvill GL, Ramesar RS, Kariuki SM, Newton CR, Poduri A, Wilmshurst JM. 2018. Clinical application of epilepsy genetics in Africa: is now the time? Frontiers in Neurology. 9(1):7.
Esterhuizen AI, Mefford HC, Ramesar RS, Wang S, Carvill GL, Wilmshurst JM. 2018. Dravet syndrome in South African infants: Tools for an early diagnosis. Seizure - European Journal of Epilepsy. 62:99-105.

F

Fatti G, Jackson D, Goga AE, Shaikh N, Eley B, Nachega JB, Grimwood A. 2018. The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of community-based support for adolescents receiving antiretroviral treatment: an operational research study in South Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 21(1):23-34.
Ferkol TW, Farber HJ, La Grutta S, Leone FT, Marshall HM, Neptune E, Pisinger C, Vanker A, Wisotzky M, Zabert GE, Schraufnagel DE. 2018. Electronic cigarette use in youths: a position statement of the Forum of International Respiratory Societies. European Respiratory Journal. 51(5):1-9.
Fournet N, Mollema L, Ruijs WL, Harmsen IA, Keck F, Durand JY, Cunha MP, Wamsiedel M, Reis R, French J, Smit EG, Kitching A, van Steenbergen JE. 2018. Under-vaccinated groups in Europe and their beliefs, attitudes and reasons for non-vaccination; two systematic reviews. BMC Public Health. 18(1):1-17.

G

Githinji LN, Gray DM, Zar HJ. 2018. Lung function in HIV-infected children and adolescents. Pneumonia. 10(1):1-10.
Gray C. 2018. Advances in peanut allergy. Current Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 31(1):4.
Gray C. 2018. The skin as an entry point for allergens: evidence and interventions. Current Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 31(4):1-4.
Gray C. 2018. Introduction of peanut in high risk infants. South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 31(2):26-29.
Gray C. 2018. Mastocytoma mischief: activation of a solitary mastocytoma as a sole manifestation of peanut allergy in a child. Current Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 31(2):98-100.
Gray C, Levin ME. 2018. Food allergies - should we be going peanut-free in South African schools? Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 31(1):28-31.
Gray CL, Venter C, Emanuel S, Fleischer DM. 2018. Peanut introduction and the prevention of peanut allergy: evidence and practical Implications. Current Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 31(1):14-20.
Griese M, Seidl E, Hengst M, Reu S, Rock H, Anthony G, Kiper N, Emiralioglu N, Snijders D, Goldbeck L, Leidl R, Ley-Zaporozhan J8, Krüger-Stollfuss I8, Kammer B8, Wesselak T1, Eismann C1, Schams A1, Neuner D1, MacLean M9, Nicholson AG10, Lauren M11, Clement A12, Epaud R12, de Blic J, Ashworth M, Aurora P, Calder A, Wetzke M, Kappler M1, Cunningham S, Schwerk N, Bush A, the other chILD-EU collaborators, Eber E, Pfleger A, Basek P, Proesmans M, Silva Filho LR, Rochat I, Fontana M, Freihorst J, Brinkmann F, Koerner-Rettberg C, Becker S, Stehling F, Heinzmann A, Kusserow S, Nährlich L, Lex C, Berthold D, Kaiser-Labusch P, Hämmerling S, Ahrens F, Müller-Stöver S, Tutdibi E, Seidemann K, Prenzel F, Reiter K, Feilcke M, Ripper J, Pawlita I, Fischer I, Forstner M, Weichert S, Schaible T, Kern I, Seidenberg J, Zeidler S, Baden W, Niemitz M, Gappa M, Liese J, Rubak S, Buchvald F, Almario P, Escribano A, Lopez J, Coulomb A, Le Pointe HD, Nathan N, Reiter J, Rossi G, Barbarto A, Cogo P, Terheggen-Largo S, Glowacka E, Lange J, Katarzyna K, Cobanoglu N, Sismanlar T, Aslan A, Orhan D, Berna O, Cinel G, Yalçin E, Sair F, Bal C, Yuksel H, Turner S, Michael S, Kenia P, Hilliard T, Ross-Russell R, Forton J, Redmond F, Gibson N, Wallis C, Pabry R, Owens C, Gupta A, Mayell S, Chetcuti P, Child F, Moss S, Bhatt J, Hull J, Hansel D, Nwokoro C, O'reilly R, Walker W, Schwarzkopf I, Seidl H, Szentes B, Brasch F, Gilbert C, Zampoli M, Kritzinger F, Rosewich M. 2018. International management platform for children’s interstitial lung disease (chILD-EU). Thorax. 73:231-239.
Groenewald C, Meintjes J, Morrow BM. 2018. Evaluation of compliance with ventilation guidelines for airborne infectious disease control in emergency centres in Cape Town, South Africa. Occupational Health Southern Africa. 24(6):191-195.

H

Hall DM, Sowden D. 2018. Hip hip: no hurray. Archives of Disease in Childhood. 103(11):1006-1007.
Hinton DE, Reis R, de Jong J. 2018. Migraine-like visual auras among traumatized Cambodians with PTSD: Fear of ghost attack and other disasters. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry. 42:244-277.
Hoare J, Fouche JP, Phillips N, Joska JA, Myer L, Zar HJ, Stein DJ. 2018. Structural brain changes in perinatally HIV-infected young adolescents in South Africa. AIDS. 32(18):2707-2718.
Horn A, Watt JP, Dunn RN. 2018. Spinal fusion for paediatric lumbosacral spondylolisthesis    SA Orthopaedic Journal. 17(4):39-43.
Horvath S, Stein DJ, Phillips N, Heany SJ, Kobor MS, Lin DT, Myer L, Zar HJ, Levine AJ, Hoare J. 2018. Perinatally acquired HIV infection accelerates epigenetic aging in South African adolescents. AIDS. 32(11):1465-1474.

J

Jacobs M, Merson M. 2018. Introductory commentary: a strategic review of options for building on lessons learnt from IMCI and iCCM. BMJ. 362:1-3.
Jamieson L. 2018. Stopping family violence: Integrated approaches to address violence against women and children. South African Child Gauge 2018. 81-92.                   
Jansz L, Buys H, van Dijk M, Rohlwink U. 2018. The profile of meningitis in a tertiary paediatric hospital in South Africa. SAJCH South African Journal of Child Health. 12(1):15-20.
Javanparast S, Maddern J, Baum F, Freeman T, Lawless A, Labonté R, Sanders D. 2018. Change management in an environment of ongoing primary health care system reform: a case study of Australian primary health care services. International Journal of Health Planning and Management. 33(1):76-88.
Jõgi NO, Svanes C, Siiak SP, Logan E, Holloway JW, Igland J, Johannessen A, Levin M, Real FG, Schlunssen V, Horsnell WG, Bertelsen RJ. 2018. Zoonotic helminth exposure and risk of allergic diseases: A study of two generations in Norway. Clinical and Experimental Allergy. 48(1):66-77.
Jonah CM, Sambu WC, May JD. 2018. A comparative analysis of socioeconomic inequities in stunting: a case of three middle-income African countries. Archives of Public Health. 76(1):1-15.

K

Kahts MF, Davidson A, van Eyssen A, Nourse P, McCulloch M, Hendricks M. 2018. A cost comparison of rasburicase versus dialysis in the management of children with acute leukaemia and lymphoma at a South African centre. South African Journal of Oncology. 2(1):1-7.
Kalk E, Kroon M, Boulle A, Osler M, Euvrard J, Stinson K, Timmerman V, Davies MA. 2018. Neonatal and infant diagnostic HIV-PCR uptake and associations during three sequential policy periods in Cape Town, South Africa: a longitudinal analysis. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 21(11):1-8.
Karam O, Russell RT, Stricker P, Vogel AM, Bateman ST, Valentine SL, Spinella PC, Argent A. 2018. Recommendations on RBC Transfusion in Critically Ill Children With Nonlife-Threatening Bleeding or Hemorrhagic Shock From the Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 19(9S):S127-S132.
Karron RA, Zar HJ. 2018. Determining the outcomes of interventions to prevent respiratory syncytial virus disease in children: what to measure? The Lancet Respiratory Medicine. 6:65-74.
Keenswijk W, Sinclair G, Benetton M, du Plessis M, Nourse P, Reddy D, McCulloch M. 2018. Audit of Hemodialysis in Children Weighing Less than 20 kg in an African Pediatric Nephrology Unit. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis. 22(6):617-623.
Kwiatkowski MA, Donald KA, Stein DJ, Ipser J, Thomas KGF, Roos A. 2018. Cognitive outcomes in prenatal methamphetamine exposed children aged six to seven years. Comprehensive Psychiatry. 80:24-33.
Kyu HH, Abate D, Abate KH, Abay SM, Abbafati C, Abbasi N, Abbastabar H, Abd-Allah F, Abdela J, Abdelalim A, Abdollahpour I, Abdulkader RS, Abebe M, Abebe Z, Abil OZ, Aboyans V, Abrham AR, Abu-Raddad LJ, Abu-Rmeileh NME, Accrombessi MMK, Acharya D, Acharya P, Ackerman IN, Adamu AA, Adebayo OM, Adekanmbi V, Ademi Z, Adetokunboh OO, Adib MG, Adsuar JC, Afanvi KA, Afarideh M, Afshin A, Agarwal G, Agesa KM, Aggarwal R, Aghayan SA, Agrawal A, Ahmadi A, Ahmadi M, Ahmadieh H, Ahmed MB, Ahmed S, Aichour AN, Aichour I, Aichour MTE, Akinyemiju T, Akseer N, Al-Aly Z, Al-Eyadhy A, Al-Mekhlafi HM, Al-Raddadi RM, Alahdab F, Alam K, Alam T, Alashi A, Alavian SM, Alene KA, Alijanzadeh M, Alizadeh-Navaei R, Aljunid SM, Alkerwi A, Alla F, Allebeck P, Alonso J, Alsharif U, Altirkawi K, Alvis-Guzman N, Aminde LN, Amini E, Amiresmaili M, Ammar W, Amoako YA, Anber NH, Andrei CL, Androudi S, Animut MD, Anjomshoa M, Ansha MG, Antonio CAT, Anwari P, Arabloo J, Aremu O, Ärnlöv J, Arora A, Arora M, Artaman A, Aryal KK, Asayesh H, Ataro Z, Ausloos M, Avila-Burgos L, Avokpaho EFGA, Awasthi A, Ayala Quintanilla BP, Ayer R, Azzopardi PS, Babazadeh A, Badali H, Balakrishnan K, Bali AG, Banach M, Banoub JAM, Barac A, Barboza MA, Barker-Collo SL, Bärnighausen TW, Barquera S, Barrero LH, Bazargan-Hejazi S, Bedi N, Beghi E, Behzadifar M, Behzadifar M, Bekele BB, Bekru ET, Belachew AB, Belay YA, Bell ML, Bello AK, Bennett DA, Bensenor IM, Berhane A, Bernabe E, Bernstein RS, Beuran M, Beyranvand T, Bhala N, Bhatt S, Bhaumik S, Bhutta ZA, Biadgo B, Biehl MH, Bijani A, Bikbov B, Bilano V, Bililign N, Bin Sayeed MS, Bisanzio D, Bjørge T, Bleyer A, Bobasa EM, Bou-Orm IR, Boufous S, Bourne R, Brady OJ, Brant LC, Brayne C, Brazinova A, Breitborde NJK, Brenner H, Briant PS, Briko AN, Britton G, Brugha T, Buchbinder R, Busse R, Butt ZA, Cahuana-Hurtado L, Campuzano Rincon JC, Cano J, Cárdenas R, Carrero JJ, Carter A, Carvalho F, Castañeda-Orjuela CA, Castillo Rivas J, Castro F, Catalá-López F, Cercy KM, Cerin E, Chaiah Y, Chang JC, Charlson FJ, Chattu VK, Chiang PP, Chitheer A, Choi JJ, Christensen H, Christopher DJ, Chung SC, Cicuttini FM, Cirillo M, Collado-Mateo D, Cooper C, Cortesi PA, Cortinovis M, Cousin E, Criqui MH, Cromwell EA, Cross M, Crump JA, Daba AK, Dachew BA, Dadi AF, Dandona L, Dandona R, Dargan PI, Daryani A, Das Gupta R, Das Neves J, Dasa TT, Davitoiu DV, De La Hoz FP, De Leo D, De Neve JW, De Steur H, Degefa MG, Degenhardt L, Deiparine S, Demoz GT, Denova-Gutiérrez E, Deribe K, Dervenis N, Des Jarlais DC, Dey S, Dharmaratne SD, Dhimal M, Dinberu MT, Dirac MA, Djalalinia S, Doan L, Dokova K, Doku DT, Dorsey ER, Doyle KE, Driscoll TR, Dubey M, Dubljanin E, Duken EE, Duncan BB, Duraes AR, Ebrahimi H, Ebrahimpour S, Echko MM, Edessa D, Edvardsson D, Effiong A, Eggen AE, Ehrlich JR, El Bcheraoui C, El-Khatib Z, Elyazar IRF, Enayati A, Endalifer ML, Endries AY, Er B, Erskine HE, Eskandarieh S, Esteghamati A, Esteghamati S, Fakhim H, Faramarzi M, Fareed M, Farhadi F, Farid TA, 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Mabelane T, Basera W, Botha M, Thomas HF, Ramjith J, Levin ME. 2018. Predictive values of alpha-gal IgE levels and alpha-gal IgE: Total IgE ratio and oral food challenge-proven meat allergy in a population with a high prevalence of reported red meat allergy. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. 29(8):841-849.
MacGinty RP, Lesosky M, Barnett W, Stein DJ, Zar HJ. 2018. Associations between maternal mental health and early child wheezing in a South African birth cohort. Pediatric Pulmonology.  53(6):741-754.
Malherbe HL, Christianson AL, Woods D, Aldous C. 2018. Contribution of congenital disorders to neonatal mortality in South Africa. South African Medical Journal. 108(7):527-528.
Malherbe HL, Christianson AL, Woods D, Aldous C. 2018. Under-5 mortality and the contribution of congenital disorders in South Africa. South African Medical Journal. 108(6):447-448.
Mantick N, Bachman E, Baujat G, Brown M, Collins O, De Cunto C, Delai P, Eekhoff M, zum Felde R, Grogan DR, Haga N, Hsiao E, Kantanie S, Kaplan F, Keen R, Milosevic J, Morhart R, Pignolo R, Qian X, di Rocco M, Scott C, Sherman A, Wallace M, Williams N, Zhang K, Bogard B. 2018. The FOP Connection Registry: Design of an international patient-sponsored registry for Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva. Bone. 109:285-290.
Marangu D, Pillay K, Banderker E, Gray D, Vanker A, Zampoli M. 2018. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia: an important cause of interstitial lung disease in infants. Respirology Case Reports. 6(7):1-7.
Martinez L, le Roux DM, Barnett W, Stadler A, Nicol MP, Zar HJ. 2018. Tuberculin skin test conversion and primary progressive tuberculosis disease in the first 5 years of life: a birth cohort study from Cape Town, South Africa. Lancet, Child and Adolescent Health    2(1):46-55.
Martinez L, Zar HJ. 2018. Tuberculin conversion and tuberculosis disease in infants and young children from the Drakenstein Child Health Study: A call to action. South African Medical Journal. 108(4):247-248.
Masekela R, Gray CL, Green RJ, Manjra AI, Kritzinger FE, Levin M, Zar H. 2018. The increasing burden of asthma in South African children: A call to action. South African Medical Journal. 108(7):537-539.
Masekela R, Jeevanathrum A, Kling S, Gray TC, Morrison J, Vanker A, Puterman AS, Rhode D, Zöllner EW, De Waal P, Manjra AI, Levin M, Zar H, Green RJ, Kritzinger FE. 2018. Asthma treatment in children: A pragmatic approach. South African Medical Journal. 108(8):612-618.
Masekela R, Levin M, Jeena PM, Annamalai M, Naidoo V, van Niekerk A, Hawarden D, Emanuel S, Katz H, Zar H, Green RJ, Kritzinger FE, Manjira AI. 2018. Looking beyond the magic bullet: Novel asthma drugs or education, which works better? South African Medical Journal. 108(8):619-623.
Masekela R, Risenga SM, Kitchin OP, White DA, Davis G, Goussard P, Manjra AI, Kritzinger FE, Levin M, Zar H, Green RJ. 2018. The diagnosis of asthma in children: An evidence-based approach to a common clinical dilemma. South African Medical Journal. 108(7):540-545.
Mathews S, Abrahams N. 2018. Developing an Understanding of Filicide in South Africa. 43-61. 
Mburu C, Wardle C-J, Joolay Y, Densmore MR. 2018. Co-designing with mothers and neonatal unit staff: Use of technology to support mothers of preterm infants. 118-127.
McCulloch MI. 2018. African Pediatric Nephrology Guidebook. Pediatric Nephrology. 33(1):1
Meldau S, De Lacy RJ, Riordan GTM, Goddard EA, Pillay K, Fieggen KJ, Marais AD, Van der Watt GF. 2018. Identification of a single MPV17 nonsense-associated altered splice variant in 24 South African infants with mitochondrial neurohepatopathy. Clinical Genetics. 93(5):1093-1096.
Mitchell EA, Stewart AW, Braithwaite I, Murphy R, Hancox RJ, Wall C, Beasley R, Khaled NA, Anderson HR, Asher MI, Bjorksten B, Brunekreef B, Crane J, Ellwood P, Flohr C, Foliaki S, Forastiere F, Garcia-Marcos L, de la Arrixaca V, Keil U, Lai CKW, Mallol J, Mitchell EA, Montefort S, Odhiambo J, Pearce N, Robertson CF, Stweart AW, Strachan D, von Mutius E, Weiland SK, Weinmayr G, Williams H, Wong G, Clayton TO, Ellwood E, Gomez M, Weyler J, Pinto-Vargas DR, Cunha AJLA, de Freitas Souza L, Ferguson A, Aguilar P,Amarales L, Benavides LAV, Chen YZ, Kunii O, Pan QL, Zhong NS, Capeda AM, Koffi BN, Bustos C, Riikjarv MA, Sa'aga-Banuve R, Pekkanen J, Vlaski E, Zsigmond G, Mantri SNSharma SK, Kartasasmita CB, Konthen P, Suprihati W, Msjedi MR, Odajima H, Kudzyte J, Barragan-Meijuero M,Linares-Zapien FJ, Romero-Tapia S, Bouayad Z, MacKay R, Moyes C, Pattemore P, Onadeko BO, Chiarella P, Breborowicz A, Lis G, Lopes dos Santos JM, Nunes c, Pinto JR, Goh DY, Zar HJ, Lee HB, Blanco-Quiros A, Busquets RM, Carvajal-Uruena I, Garcia-Hernandez G, Gonzales-Diaz C, Lopez-Silvarrey A, Suarez-vARELA mm, Perez-Yarza EG, Al-Rawas O, Mohammad S, Mohammad Y, Tabbah K, Huang JL, Kao CC, Trakultivakorn M, Vichyanond P, Wondom HH, Holgado D, Sole D, Seras MR, Waqutakirewa L, Shah J, Baratawidjaja K, Nishima S, Baeza-Bacab M, Asher MI, Lee BW. 2018. Factors associated with body mass index in children and adolescents: An international cross-sectional study. Public Library of Science. ONE- PLoS ONE 13(5):1-15.
Mol C, Argent AC, Morrow B. 2018. Parental satisfaction with the quality of care in a South African paediatric intensive care unit. Southern African Journal of Critical Care. 34(2):50-56.
Moons P, Norekval TM. 2018. Why some people do well and others don’t. The role of sense of coherence in disease adaptation. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing. 17(8):672-674.
Mora MA, Luyckx K, Sparud-Lundin C, Peeters M, van Staa A, Sattoe J, Bratt EL, Moons P.  2018. Patient empowerment in young persons with chronic conditions: Psychometric properties of the Gothenburg Young Persons Empowerment Scale (GYPES). Public Library of Science ONE- PLoS ONE. 13(7):1-13.
Morrow B, Argent A, Zampoli M, Human A, Corten L, Toussaint M. 2018. Cough augmentation techniques for people with chronic neuromuscular disorders. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2018. 11(1):12
Morrow BM, Norman V. 2018. Food for Thought—Pediatric Critical Illness and Feeding Outcomes. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 19(10):1011-1012.
Muloiwa R, Wolter N, Mupere E, Tan T, Chitkara AJ, Forsyth KD, von König CH, Hussey G. 2018. Pertussis in Africa: Findings and recommendations of the Global Pertussis Initiative (GPI). Vaccine. 36(18):2385-2393.
Murphy R, Stewart AW, Hancox RJ, Wall CR, Braithwaite I, Beasley R, Mitchell EA, ISAAC Phase Three Study Group, Zar HJ    . 2018. Obesity, underweight and BMI distribution characteristics of children by gross national income and income inequality: results from an international survey. Obesity Science & Practice. 4(3):216-228.
Muszynski JA, Guzzetta NA, Hall MW, Macrae D, Valentine SL, Bateman ST, Spinella PC, Argent A. 2018. Recommendations on RBC Transfusions for Critically Ill Children With Nonhemorrhagic Shock From the Pediatric Critical Care Transfusion and Anemia Expertise Initiative. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. 19(9S):S121-S126.
Mvalo T, Eley B, Bamford C, Stanley C, Chagomerana M, Hendricks M, Van Eyssen A, Davidson A. 2018. Bloodstream infections in oncology patients at Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital, Cape Town, from 2012 to 2014. International Journal of Infectious Diseases. 77:40-47.
Mwanza ZV, McCulloch M, Drayson M, Plant T, Milford DV, Dreyer G. 2018. Proteinuric kidney disease in children at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Malawi. BMC Nephrology. 19(1):1-8.
Myers B, Koen N, Donald KA, Nhapi RT, Workman L, Barnett W, Hoffman N, Koopowitz S, Zar HJ, Stein DJ. 2018. Effect of Hazardous Alcohol Use During Pregnancy on Growth Outcomes at Birth: Findings from a South African Cohort Study. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 42(2):369-377.

N

Nair G, Levin M, Sivarasu S. 2018. Design and verification of a reloadable adrenaline auto-injector for intramuscular injections. 1:3.
NG YS, Lax NZ, Maddison P, Alston CL, Blakely EL, Hepplewhite PD, Riordan G, Meldau S, Chinnery PF, Pierre G, Chronopoulou E, Du A, Hughes I, Morris AA, Kamakari S, Chrousos G, Rodenburg RJ, Saris CGJ, Feeney C, Hardy SA, Sakakibara T, Sudo A, Okazaki Y, Murayama K, Mundy H, Hanna MG, Ohtake A, Schaefer AM, Champion MP, Turnbull DM, Taylor RW, Pitceathly RDS, McFarland R, Gorman GS. 2018. MT-ND5 mutation exhibits highly variable neurological manifestations at low mutant load. EBioMedicine. 30:86-93.
Nicol MP, Workman L, Prins M, Bateman L, Ghebrekristos Y, Mbhele S, Denkinger CM, Zar HJ. 2018. Accuracy of Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra for the Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 37(10):e261-e263.
Nieuwendijk SM, de Korte IJ, Pursad MM, van Dijk M, Rode H. 2018. Post burn pruritus in pediatric burn patients. Burns. 44(5):1151-1158.
Nimako B, Lazarus J, Dewan P, Nourse P, Gajjar P. 2018. Are early prognostic indicators reliable in posterior urethral valves management? African Journal of Urology. 24:243-247.
Webb K, Peckham H, Radziszewska A, Menon M, Oliveri P, Simpson F, Deakin CT, Lee S, Ciurtin C, Butler G, Wedderburn LR and Ioannou Y. 2018. Sex and Pubertal Differences in the Type 1 Interferon Pathway Associate With Both X Chromosome Number and Serum Sex Hormone Concentration.  Frontiers in Immunology. 9(3167):1-14.             
Nondela BB, Cox SG, Brink A, Millar AJ, Numanoglu A. 2018. Correlation of 99mTc sucralfate scan and endoscopic grading in caustic oesophageal injury    Pediatric Surgery International. 34:781-788.
Nonyane BAS, Nicol MP, Andreas NJ, Rimmele S, Schneiderhan-Marra N, Workman LJ, Perkins MD, Joos T, Broger T, Ellner JJ, Alland D, Kampmann B, Dorman SE, Zar HJ. 2018. Serologic Responses in Childhood Pulmonary Tuberculosis    Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 37(1):1-9.
Nsibande D, Loveday M, Daniels K, Sanders D, Doherty T, Zembe W. 2018. Approaches and strategies used in the training and supervision of Health Extension Workers (HEWs) delivering integrated community case management (iCCM) of childhood illness in Ethiopia: a qualitative rapid appraisal. African Health Sciences. 18(1):188-197.
Nuttall J, Pillay V. 2018. Characteristics and early outcomes of children and adolescents treated with darunavir/ritonavir-, raltegravir-or etravirine-containing antiretroviral therapy in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. South African Medical Journal. 108(2):105-110.

O

Oguonu T, Obumneme-Anyim IN, Eze JN, Ayuk AC, Okoli CV, Ndu IK. 2018. Prevalence and determinants of airflow limitation in urban and rural children exposed to cooking fuels in South-East Nigeria. Paediatrics and international child health. 38(2):121-127.
Okafor, Barnett, Zar, Nhapi, Koen, Shoptaw, Stein. 2018. Associations of Emotional, Physical, or Sexual Intimate Partner Violence and Depression Symptoms Among South African Women in a Prospective Cohort Study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 36(9-10):1-24.
Olszewski AE, Daniel DA, Stein DR, McCulloch MI, Su SW, Hames DL, Wolbrink TA. 2018. Teaching Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Globally through Virtual Simulation. Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. 13(6):900-906.

P

Page NA, Seheri LM, Groome MJ, Moyes J, Walaza S, Mphahlele J, Kahn K, Kapongo CN, Zar HJ, Tempia S, Cohen C, Madhi SA. 2018. Temporal association of rotavirus vaccination and genotype circulation in South Africa: observations from 2002 to 2014. Vaccine. 36(47):7231-7237.
Panayidou K, Davies MA, Anderegg N, Egger M, Fatti G, Vinikoor M, Sawry S, Ehmer J, Eley B, Phiri S, Technau KG, Chimbetete C, Rabie H, Boulle A, Tanser F, Wood R, Wools-Kaloustian K, Vreeman R, Oyaro P Ayaya S, Nakigozi  G, Musick B, Yiannnoustsos C, Amorissani- Folquet M, Takassi E, Sylla M, Renner L, Mlateste K, Desmonde S, Leroy V, Kurniati N, Hansudewechakal R, Nguyen LV, Sun L y P, Truong KH, Kariminia A, Sohn AH, Edmonds A, Azinyui Yumo H, Dusingize JC, Yotebieng M, Judd A, Rojo P, Smit C, Grabar S, Warszwarski J, Chenr G, Raban D, Patel K, Seage GR, Van Dyke RB, Oleske J, Williams PL, Abzug MJ, Succi R, Machado DM, Pinto J, Roizier V, Luque M, Mejia F. 2018. Global temporal changes in the proportion of children with advanced disease at the start of combination antiretroviral therapy in an era of changing criteria for treatment initiation. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 21(11):1-16.
Panchal P, Budree S, Scheeler A, Medina G, Seng M, Wong WF, Eliott R, Mitchell T, Kassam Z, Allegretti JR, Osman M. 2018. Scaling Safe Access to Fecal Microbiota Transplantation: Past, Present, and Future. Current Gastroenterology Reports. 20(4):1-11.
Patrick M, Malherbe H, Stephen C, Woods D, Aldous C. 2018. Congenital disorders in South Africa: a review of Child Healthcare Problem Identification Programme (Child PIP) mortality data, 2005-2017. South African Medical Journal. 108(8):647-653.
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