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2020 Publications

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Abrams MJ, Watkins DA, Abdullahi LH, Zühlke LJ, Engel ME. 2020. Integrating the Prevention and Control of Rheumatic Heart Disease into Country Health Systems: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Global Heart, 15(1):1-14.
Allwood BW, van der Zalm MM, Amaral AFS, Byrne A, Datta S, Egere U, Evans CA, Evans D, Gray DM, Hoddinott G, Ivanova O, Jones R, Makanda G, Marx FM, Meghji J, Mpagama S, Pasipanodya JG, Rachow A, Schoeman I, Shaw J, Stek C, van Kampen S, von Delft D, Walker NF, Wallis RS, Mortimer K.  2020. Post-tuberculosis lung health: perspectives from the First International Symposium. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 24(8):820-828.
Anderson K, Muloiwa R, Davies MA. 2020. Long-term outcomes in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents and young adults on antiretroviral therapy: a review of South African and global literature. African Journal of AIDS Research (AJAR), 19(1):1-12.


Balme K, Stephen C, Curling L, Mohamed F, Du Plessis C, Marks C, Pillay-Fuentes Lorente V, Van Rensburg R, Voigt G. 2020.  The economics of poisoning: The role of telemedicine and toxicovigilance. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(12):1152. 
Barrera CA, du Plessis AM, Otero HJ, Mahtab S, Githinji LN, Zar HJ, Zhu X, Andronikou S. 2020. Quantitative CT analysis for bronchiolitis obliterans in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents—comparison with controls and lung function data. European Radiology, 30:4358-4368.
Bédard A, Antó JM, Fonseca JA, Arnavielhe S, Bachert C, Bedbrook A, Bindslev‐Jensen C, Bosnic‐Anticevich S, Cardona V, Cruz AA, Fokkens WJ, Garcia-Aymerich J, Hellings PW, Ivancevich JC, Klimek L, Kuna P, Kvedariene V, Larenas-Linnemann D, Melén E, Monti R, Mösges R, Mullol J, Papadopoulos NG, Pham-Thi N, Samolinski B, Tomazic PV, Toppila-Salmi S, Ventura MT, Yorgancioglu A, Bousquet J, Pfaar O, Basagaña X, Bateman ED, Potter P, Zar H. 2020. Correlation between work impairment, scores of rhinitis severity and asthma using the MASK‐air® App.  Allergy, 75(7):1672-1688.
Bell SC, Mall MA, Gutierrez H, Macek M, Madge S, Davies JC, Burgel PR, Tullis E, Castaños C, Castellani C, Byrnes CA, Cathcart F, Chotirmall SH, Cosgriff R, Eichler I, Fajac I, Goss CH, Drevinek P, Farrell PM, Gravelle AM, Havermans T, Mayer-Hamblett N, Kashirskaya N, Kerem E, Mathew JL, McKone EF, Naehrlich L, Nasr SZ, Oates GR, O'Neill C, Pypops U, Raraigh KS, Rowe SM, Southern KW, Sivam S, Stephenson AL, Zampoli M, Ratjen F. 2020. The future of cystic fibrosis care: a global perspective. Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 8:65-124.
Boshoff Coyles L, Joolay Y, Tooke L. 2020. Bovine or porcine: does the type of surfactant matter? Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 66(5):534-541.
Bousquet J, Anto JM, Iaccarino G, Czarlewski W, Haahtela T, Anto A, Akdis CA, Blain H, Canonica GW, Cardona V, Cruz AA, Illario M, Ivancevich JC, Jutel M, Klimek L, Kuna P, Laune D, Larenas‑Linnemann D, Mullol J,  Papadopoulos NG, Pfaar O, Samolinski B, Valiulis A, Yorgancioglu A, Zuberbier T, Zar H. 2020. Is diet partly responsible for differences in COVID-19 death rates between and within countries? Clinical and Translational Allergy, 10(1):1-7.
Brown K, Boyede G, Procter C, Tew D, Donald KA. 2020. Approach to Rehabilitation in the Child with Neurodisability. Clinical Child Neurology, 205-236.
Brunwasser SM, Snyder BM, Driscoll AJ, Fell DB, Savitz DA, Feikin DR, Skidmore B, Bhat N, Bont LJ, Dupont WD, Wu P, Gebretsadik T, Holt PG, Zar HJ, Ortiz JR, Hartert TV. 2020. Assessing the strength of evidence for a causal effect of respiratory syncytial virus lower respiratory tract infections on subsequent wheezing illness: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 8(8):795-806.


Chakaya J, Binegdie A, Irungu A, Pearson B, Gray D, Zar HJ, Schewitz I, Kagima J, Mortimer K, Ozoh OB, Masekela R, Gordon SB, Worodria W, Aluoch J. 2020. COVID-19 in Africa: preparing for the storm. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease,  24(7):744-746.
Chang JW, Akemokwe FM, Marangu DM, Chisunkha B, Irekpita E, Obasikene G, Kagima JW, Obonyo CO. 2020. Obstructive sleep apnea awareness among primary care physicians in Africa. Annals of the American Thoracic Society, 17(1):98-106.
Chiang YT, Yu HY, Lo FS, Chen CW, Huang TT, Chang CW, Moons P . 2020. Emergence of a butterfly: the life experiences of type 1 diabetes Taiwanese patients during the 16–25 years old transition period. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 15(1):13.
Chao A, Spiegelman D, Khan S, Walsh F, Mazibuko S, Pasipamire M, Chai B, Reis R, Mlambo K, Delva W, Khumalo G, Zwane M, Fleming Y, Mafara E, Hettema A, Lejeune C, Bärnighausen T, Okello V. 2020. Mortality under early access to antiretroviral therapy vs. Eswatini’s national standard of care: the MaxART clustered randomized stepped‐wedge trial. HIV Medicine, 21(7):429-440.
Chitkara AJ, Ferrer MP, Forsyth K, Guiso N, Heininger U, Hozbor DF, Muloiwa R, Tan TQ, Thisyakorn U, von König CW. 2020.    Pertussis vaccination in mixed markets: Recommendations from the Global Pertussis Initiative. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 96:482-488.
Claassen-Weitz S, Gardner-Lubbe S, Mwaikono KS, du Toit E, Zar HJ, Nicol MP. 2020. Optimizing 16S rRNA gene profile analysis from low biomass nasopharyngeal and induced sputum specimens.  BMC Microbiology, 20(1):26.
Collins TM, Jamieson L, Wright LH, Rizzini I, Mayhew A, Narang J, Tisdall EK, Ruiz-Casares M    2020    Involving child and youth advisors in academic research about child participation: The Child and Youth Advisory Committees of the International and Canadian Child Rights Partnership. Children and Youth Services Review, 109(1):9
Copelyn J, Hincks JR, Wilmshurst JM, Petersen W, Howard W, Jallow S, Moonsamy S, Seakamela L, Suchard M, Collett MS, Eley B. 2020. Clearance of Immunodeficiency-associated vaccine-derived Poliovirus Infection with Pocapavir. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 39:435-437.
Corten L, Morrow BM. 2020.Motor Performance in South African Children with Cystic Fibrosis. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 40(2):192-200.
Corten L, Morrow BM. 2020. Use of airway clearance therapy in children hospitalised with acute lower respiratory tract infections in a South African paediatric hospital. South African Journal of Physiotherapy, 76(1):1-8.


Dame JA, Beylis N, Nuttall J, Eley B. 2020. Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection at a tertiary referral hospital for children. BMC Infectious Diseases, 20:1-9.
Danielsen SO, Moons P, Leegaard M, Solheim S, Tønnessen T, Lie I. 2020. Facilitators of and barriers to reducing thirty-day readmissions and improving patient-reported outcomes after surgical aortic valve replacement: a process evaluation of the AVRre trial. BMC Health Services Research, 20:1-11.
Danielsen SO, Moons P, Sandvik L, Leegaard M, Solheim S, Tønnessen T, Lie I. 2020. Impact of telephone follow-up and 24/7 hotline on 30-day readmission rates following aortic valve replacement-A randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Cardiology, 300:66-72.
Davidson A, Masekela R. 2020. Professor Lungile Pepeta (OBITUARY).  SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(9):830.
de Beer S, Kalk E, Kroon M, Boulle A, Osler M, Euvrard J, Timmerman V, Davies MA . 2020.  A longitudinal analysis of the completeness of maternal HIV testing, including repeat testing in Cape Town, South Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 23:1-10.
de Benedictis FM, Kerem E, Chang AB, Colin AA, Zar HJ, Bush A. 2020. Complicated pneumonia in children. Lancet, 396:786-798.
de Jesus AA, Hou Y, Brooks S, Malle L, Biancotto A, Huang Y, Calvo KR, Marrero B, Moir S, Oler AJ, Deng Z, Sanchez GA, Ahmed A, Allenspach E, Arabshahi B, Behrens E, Benseler S, Bezrodnik L, Bout-Tabaku S, Brescia AC, Brown D, Burnham JM, Caldirola MS, Carrasco R, Chan AY, Cimaz R, Dancey P, Dare J, DeGuzman M, Dimitriades V, Ferguson I, Ferguson P, Finn L, Gattorno M, Grom AA, Hanson EP, Hashkes PJ, Hedrich CM, Herzog R, Horneff G, Jerath R, Kessler E, Kim H, Kingsbury DJ, Laxer RM, Lee PY, Lee-Kirsch MA, Lewandowski L,  Li S, Lilleby V, Mammadova V, Moorthy LN, Nasrullayeva G, O’Neil KM, Onel K, Ozen S, Pan N, Pillet P, Piotto DG, Punaro MG, Reiff A, Reinhardt A, Rider LG, Rivas-Chacon R, Ronis T, Rösen-Wolff A, Roth J, Ruth NM, Rygg M, Schmeling H, Schulert G, Scott C, Seminario G, Shulman A, Sivaraman V, Son MB, Stepanovskiy Y, Stringer E, Taber S, Terreri MT, Tifft C, Torgerson T, Tosi L, Van Royen-Kerkhof A, Muskardin TW, Canna SW, Goldbach-Mansky R. 2020.  Distinct interferon signatures and cytokine patterns define additional systemic autoinflammatory diseases. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 130(4)  1669-1682.
de Vries PJ, Belousova E,  Benedik M.P, Carter T, Cottin V, Curatolo P,  D’Amato L, d’Augères G.B, Ferreira JC,  Feucht M, Fladrowski C,  Hertzberg C, Jozwiak S, Lawson JA, Macaya A, Marques R, Nabbout R,  O’Callaghan F, Qin J, Sander V, Sauter M, Shah S, Takahashi Y, Touraine R, Youroukos S, Zonnenberg B, Kingswood JC, Jansen AC on behalf of TOSCA Consortium and TOSCA Investigators. 2020. Natural clusters of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC)-associated neuropsychiatric disorders (TAND): new findings from the TOSCA TAND research project. J Neurodevelop Disord 12, 24.
de Vries PJ, Belousova E,  Benedik MP, Carter T, Cottin V,  Curatolo P, Dahlin M, D’Amato L, Beaure d’Augères G, Ferreira JC, Feucht M, Fladrowski C, Hertzberg C,  Jozwiak S, Lawson JA, Macaya A, Marques R, Nabbout R, O’Callaghan F, Qin J, Sander V, Sauter M, Shah S, Takahashi Y, Touraine R, Youroukos S, Zonnenberg B, Kingswood JC and Jansen AC. 2020. Tuberous Sclerosis Complex-Associated Neuropsychiatric Disorders (TAND): New Findings on Age, Sex, and Genotype in Relation to Intellectual Phenotype. Front.Neurol. 11:603.
Dirajlal-Fargo S, Yu J, Albar Z, Sattar A, Mahtab S, Jao J, Myer L, Zar HJ, McComsey GA. 2020. Monocyte activation and gut barrier dysfunction in South African youth on antiretroviral therapy and their associations with endothelial dysfunction. AIDS, 34:1615-1623.
Dlamini N, Pohl K, Eley B, Van Toorn R, Kilborn T, Padayachee S, Pontigon AM, Kirkham FJ, Wilmshurst J. 2020. Stroke transcranial Doppler in children with human immunodeficiency virus. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology. 62:735 -741.
Doherty T, Horwood C, Haskins L, Magasana V, Goga A, Feucht U, Sanders D, Tylleskar T, Kauchali S, Dhansay MA, Rollins N, Kroon M, Engebretsen I. 2020. Breastfeeding advice for reality: Women's perspectives on primary care support in South Africa.  Maternal and Child Nutrition, 16:1-10
Doherty T, Kroon M, Reynolds L, Fawcus S, Lake L, Solanki G. 2020. Building back from the ground up: the vital role of communities. BMJ Global Health, 5(10):1-4.
Dramowski A, Velaphi S, Reubenson G, Bekker A, Perovic O, Finlayson H, Duse A, Rhoda NR, Govender NP. 2020. National Neonatal Sepsis Task Force launch: supporting infection prevention and surveillance, outbreak investigation and antimicrobial stewardship in neonatal units in South Africa: issues in public health-in practice. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(5):380-363.
Driscoll AJ, Arshad SH, Bont L, Brunwasser SM, Cherian T, Englund JA, Fell DB, Hammitt LL, Hartert TV, Innis BL, Karron RA, Langley GE, Mulholland EK, Munywoki PK, Nair H, Ortiz JR, Savitz DA, Scheltema NM, Simoes EAF, Smith PG, Were F, Zar HJ, Feiken DR. 2020. Does respiratory syncytial virus lower respiratory illness in early life cause recurrent wheeze of early childhood and asthma? Critical review of the evidence and guidance for future studies from a World Health Organization-sponsored meeting.  Vaccine, 38(11):2435-2448.


Enimil AK, Eley B, Nuttall J. 2020. The initial intravenous treatment of a human immunodeficiency virus-infected child with complicated abdominal tuberculosis. Southern African Journal of HIV Medicine, 21(1):1-3.
Epstein D, Kassianides C, Gaibee Z, Watermeyer G, Griffiths A. 2020. Inflammatory bowel disease in children in sub-Saharan Africa. Paediatrics and International Child Health, 40(3):141-142.


Fabian ID, Abdallah E, Abdullahi SU, Abdulqader RA, Boubacar SA, Ademola-Popoola DS, Adio A, Afshar AR, Aggarwal P, Aghaji AE, Ahmad A, Davidson A, Lecuona K, Mustak H. 2020. Global Retinoblastoma Presentation and Analysis by National Income Level. JAMA Oncology, 6(5):685-695. 
"Fink EL, Maddux AB, Pinto N, Sorenson S, Notterman D, Dean JM, Carcillo JA, Berg RA, Zuppa A, Pollack MM, Meert KL, Hall MW, Sapru A, McQuillen PS, Mourani PM, Wessel D, Amey D, Argent A, de Carvalho WB, Butt W, Choong K, Curley MA, del Pilar Arias Lopez M, Demirkol D, Grosskreuz R, Houtrow AJ, Knoester H, Lee JH, Long D, Manning JC, Morrow B, Sankar J, Slomine BS, Smith M, Olson LM, Watson RS". 2020. A Core Outcome Set for Pediatric Critical Care. Critical Care Medicine, 48(12):1819-1828.
Foster HE, Scott C, Tiderius CJ, Dobbs MB, [Ang E, Charuvanij S, Costello W, Kinnunen M, Lewandowski LB, Migowa A, Stones SR, Vilaiyuk S, Webb K - Members of the Paediatric Global Musculoskeletal Task Force]. 2020. Improving musculoskeletal health for children and young people–A ‘call to action’. Best Practice and Research: Clinical Rheumatology, 34(5):1-20.
Foster HE, Scott C, Tiderius CJ, Dobbs MB. 2020. The paediatric global musculoskeletal task force-‘towards better MSK health for all’. Pediatric Rheumatology, 18:1-3.
French JA, Brodie MJ, Caraballo R, Devinsky O, Ding D, Jehi L, Jette N, Kanner A, Modi AC, Newton CR, Patel AA, Pennell PB, Perucca E, Sander JW, Scheffer IE, Singh G, Williams E, Wilmshurst J, Cross JH. 2020. Keeping people with epilepsy safe during the Covid-19 pandemic. Neurology, 94:1032-1037.
Frigati LJ, Ameyan W, Cotton MF, Gregson CL, Hoare J, Jao J, Majonga ED, Myer L, Penazzato M, Rukuni R, Rowland-Jones S, Zar HJ, Ferrand RA. 2020. Chronic comorbidities in children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa in the era of antiretroviral therapy. Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4(9):688-698.
Frigati LJ, Brown K, Cotton MF, Myer L, Zar HJ. 2020. Hospitalization in South African Adolescents With Perinatally Acquired HIV on Antiretroviral Therapy. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 39(11):1035-1039.


GBD Chronic Respiratory Disease Collaborators [Soriano JB, Kendrick PJ, Paulson KR, Gupta V, Abrams EM, Adedoyin RA, Adhikari TB, Advani SM, Agrawal A, Ahmadian E, Alahdab F...Zar H(dept author)…]. 2020. "Prevalence and attributable health burden of chronic respiratory diseases, 1990–2017: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017". Lancet Respiratory Medicine, 8(6):585-596.
Githinji LN, Gray DM, Hlengwa S, Machemedze T, Zar HJ. 2020. Longitudinal Changes in Spirometry in South African Adolescents Perinatally Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Who Are Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 70(3):483-490.
Goga A, Doherty T, Manda S, Nkwenika T, Haskins L, John V, Engebretsen IM, Feucht U, Dhansay A, Rollins N, Kroon M, Sanders D, Kauchali S, Tylleskär T, Horwood C. 2020. Translating new evidence into clinical practice: a quasi-experimental controlled before–after study evaluating the effect of a novel outreach mentoring approach on knowledge, attitudes and confidence of health workers providing HIV and infant feeding counselling in South Africa. BMJ Open, 10(10):1-13.
Gopalan PD, Joubert IA, Paruk F, Baker D, Coetzee I, De Vasconcellos K, Dolo LM, Levy BL, Morrow BM, Nel JM, Omar S, Piercy JL, Siebert RS, Veldsman L. 2020. The Critical Care Society of Southern Africa guidelines on the allocation of scarce critical care resources during the COVID-19 public health emergency in South Africa. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(8):700-703.
Gray C. 2020. Novel cross-reactivity syndrome: Severe allergy to ingested quorn (mycoprotein) in a mould-allergic adolescent: Case report. Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology, 33(1):44-46.
Gray CL, Van Niekerk A. 2020. The use of disinfection tunnels or disinfectant spraying of humans as a measure to reduce the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(8):751-752.
Gray C. 2020.  A day in the life of an allergologist: Food allergies: Allergology. Current Allergy & Clinical Immunology, 33(1):12-17.
Gray C. 2020. Current Controversies and Future Prospects for Peanut Allergy Prevention, Diagnosis and Therapies. Journal of Asthma and Allergy, 13:51-66.
Gray DM, Wedderburn CJ, MacGinty RP, McMillan L, Jacobs C, Stadler JA, Hall GL, Zar HJ. 2020. Impact of HIV and antiretroviral drug exposure on lung growth and function over 2 years in an African Birth Cohort.  AIDS, 34(4):549-558.
Green RJ, Zar HJ, Mahdi SA. 2020. Managing and preventing childhood pneumonia in South Africa: Updated South African guidelines. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(8):732-733.
Green RJ, Hockman M, Friedman R, van Niekerk A, Feldman C, Vardas E, Quitter C, Els C, van Bruwaene L, Nanan A, Peter J, Seedat R, Levin M, Bateman C. 2020. Chronic rhinitis in South Africa–more than just allergy! SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(7):594-598.
Griffin MP, Yuan Y, Takas T, Domachowske JB, Madhi SA, Manzoni P, Simões EA, Esser MT, Khan AA, Dubovsky F, Villafana T, DeVincenzo JP, Zar H. 2020. Single-Dose Nirsevimab for Prevention of RSV in Preterm Infants. New England Journal of Medicine, 383(5):415-425.


Hammond CK, Wilmshurst JM. 2020. Classification of Childhood Epileptic Seizures. Clinical Child Neurology, 731-741.
Harris DCH, Davies SJ, Finkelstein FO, Jha V, Bello AK, Brown M,  Caskey FJ, Donner J, Liew A, Muller E, Naicker S, O’Connell PJ, Filho RP and Vachharajani T; on behalf of the Strategic Plan Working Groups. 2020. Strategic plan for integrated care of patients with kidney failure. Kidney International; 98 S117–S134.
Harrison MJ, Barry OM, Hounsell RA, De Decker R. 2020. The patient encounter index: a novel method of measuring clinical workload in a paediatric cardiology service. Cardiology in the Young, 30:114-118.
Heany SJ, Phillips N, Brooks S, Fouche JP, Myer L, Zar H, Stein DJ, Hoare J. 2020. Neural correlates of maintenance working memory, as well as relevant structural qualities, are associated with earlier antiretroviral treatment initiation in vertically transmitted HIV. Journal of NeuroVirology, 26:60-69.
Hendricks G, Malcolm-Smith S, Stein DJ, Zar HJ, Wedderburn CJ, Nhapi RT, Chivese T, Adnams CM, Donald KA. 2020. Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with early motor, but not language development in a South African cohort. Acta Neuropsychiatrica,  32(3):145-152.
Hendriks TD, Reis R, Sostakova M, Berckmoes LH. 2020. Violence and Vulnerability: Children’s Strategies and the Logic of Violence in Burundi. Children & Society, 34:31-45.
Hinton DE, Reis R, de Jong J. 2020. Ghost Encounters Among Traumatized Cambodian Refugees: Severity, Relationship to PTSD, and Phenomenology. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 44:333-359.
Hoare J, Myer L, Heany S, Fouche JP, Phillips N, Zar HJ, Stein DJ. 2020. Cognition, structural brain changes and systemic inflammation in adolescents living with HIV on antiretroviral therapy. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 84(1):114-  121
Hoare J, Stein DJ, Heany SJ, Fouche JP, Phillips N, Er S, Myer L, Zar HJ, Horvath S, Levine AJ. 2020. Accelerated epigenetic aging in adolescents from low-income households is associated with altered development of brain structures. Metabolic Brain Disease, 35:1287-1298.
Højskov IE, Thygesen LC, Moons P, Egerod I, Olsen PS, Berg SK. 2020. The challenge of non-adherence to early rehabilitation after coronary artery bypass surgery: Secondary results from the SheppHeartCABG trial. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing,19(3):238-247.
Holbein CE, Peugh J, Veldtman GR, Apers S, Luyckx K, Kovacs AH, Thomet C, Budts W, Enomoto J, Sluman MA, Lu CW, Jackson JL, Khairy P, Cook SC, Chidambarathanu S, Alday L, Eriksen K, Dellborg M, Berghammer M, Johansson B, Mackie AS, Menahem S, Caruana M, Soufi A, Fernandes SM, White K, Callus E, Kutty S, Moons P. 2020. Health behaviours reported by adults with congenital heart disease across 15 countries. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 27(10):1077-1087.
Hole B, Hemmelgarn B, Brown E, Brown M, McCulloch MI, Zuniga C, Andreoli SP, Blake PG, Couchoud C, Cueto-Manzano AM, Dreyer G, Garcia GG, Jager KJ, McKnight M, Morton RL, Murtagh FEM, Naicker S, Obrador GT, Perl J, Rahman M, Shah KD, Van Biesen W, Walker RC, Yeates K, Zemchenkov A, Zhao M-H, Davies SJ, Caskey FJ. 2020. Supportive care for end-stage kidney disease: an integral part of kidney services across a range of income settings around the world. Kidney International Supplements, 10:e86-e94.
Horwood C, Haskins L, Goga A, Doherty T, John V, Engebretsen IM, Feucht U, Rollins N, Kroon M, Sanders D, Tylleskar T. 2020.  An educational intervention to update health workers about HIV and infant feeding. Maternal and Child Nutrition, 16:1-10.
Hüls A, Vanker A, Gray D, Koen N, MacIsaac JL, Lin DT, Ramadori KE, Sly PD, Stein DJ, Kobor MS, Zar HJ. 2020. Genetic susceptibility to asthma increases the vulnerability to indoor air pollution. European Respiratory Journal, 55(3):1-9.


IeDEA and COHERE in EuroCoord Cohort Collaboration (Eley, B - dept author). 2020. All-cause mortality after antiretroviral therapy initiation in HIV-positive women from Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Americas. AIDS, 34(2):277-289.  
Ismail MT, Horn AR. 2020. The effect of device position and use of transparent covers on the irradiance distribution of LED phototherapy devices. South African Journal of Child Health, 14(2):87-93.
Itzikowitz G, Prendergast EA, Prendergast BD, Zühlke L. 2020. Acute Rheumatic Fever and Rheumatic Heart Disease (Book Chapter). Heart Valve Disease: State of the Art (Book) - J Zamorano et al (eds), 163-175.
Iyun V, Technau KG, Eley B, Rabie H, Boulle A, Fatti G, Egger M, Tanser F, Wood R, Fairlie L, Cotton MF, Davies MA. 2020. Earlier Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation and Decreasing Mortality Among HIV-infected Infants Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy Within 3 Months of Age in South Africa, 2006–2017. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 39(2):127-133.


Jallow S, Wilmshurst JM, Howard W, Copelyn J, Seakamela L, Chan KW, Sebunya R, Sibiya R, Du Plessis H, Jacobs C, Berkowitz N, Blumberg L, McCarthy K, Maseti E, Kamupira M, Dlamini N, Gumede N, Diop OM, Lau YL, Moonsamy S, Eley B, Suchard M.  2020. Accelerated Immunodeficiency-associated Vaccine-derived Poliovirus Serotype 3 Sequence Evolution Rate in an 11-week-old Boy With X-linked Agammaglobulinemia and Perinatal Human Immunodeficiency Virus Exposure. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 70(1):132-135.
Jankelow D, Manga P, Ntsekhe M, Khan S, Cupido B, Ntsinjana H, Zühlke L, Smit F. 2020. SA Heart® Statement on COVID-19 and cardiovascular disease. SA Heart, 17(3):258-262
Jansen AC, Vanclooster S, de Vries PJ, Fladrowski C, Beaure d’Augéres G, Carter T, Belousova E, Benedik MP, Cottin V, Curatolo P, Dahlin M, D’Amato L, Ferreira JC, Feucht M, Hertzberg C, Jozwiak S, Lawson JA, Macaya A, Marques R, Nabbout R, O’Callaghan F, Qin J, Sander V, Sauter M, Shah S, Takahashi Y, Touraine R, Youroukos S, Zonnenberg B and Kingswood JC. 2020. Burden of Illness and Quality of Life in Tuberous Sclerosis Complex. Findings from the TOSCA Study. Front. Neurol. 11;904.
Johnson LF, Patrick M, Stephen C, Patten G, Dorrington RE, Maskew M, Jamieson L, Davies MA. 2020. Steep Declines in Pediatric AIDS Mortality in South Africa, Despite Poor Progress Toward Pediatric Diagnosis and Treatment Targets. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 39:843-848.


Kachimanga C, Dunbar EL, Watson S, Cundale K, Makungwa H, Wroe EB, Malindi C, Nazimera L, Palazuelos D, Drake J, Gates T, van der Akker T, Shea J. 2020. Increasing utilisation of perinatal services: estimating the impact of community health worker program in Neno, Malawi. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 20(1):1-10.
Kannenberg SM, Karabus S, Visser WI, Aboobaker J, Kriel MM, Levin M, Magigaba B, Manjra A, Misra R, Mpofu P, Tshigabe A, Luger T. 2020. Paediatric atopic eczema (atopic dermatitis) in South Africa: A practical algorithm for the management of mild-to-moderate disease in daily clinical practice. South African Family Practice, 62(1):1-9.
Kariuki SM, Gray DM, Newton CR, Vanker A, MacGinty RP, Koen N, Barnett W, Chibnik L, Koenen KC, Stein DJ, Zar HJ. 2020. Association between maternal psychological adversity and lung function in South African infants: A birth cohort study. Pediatric Pulmonology, 55(1):236-244.
Karthikeyan G, Connolly SJ, Ntsekhe M, Benz A, Rangarajan S, Lewis G, Yun Y, Sharma SK, Maklady F, Elghamrawy AE, Kazmi K, Cabral TT, Dayi H, Changsheng M, Gitura BM, Avezum A, Zuhlke L, Lwabi P, Haileamlak A, Ogah O, Chillo P, Paniagua M, ElSayed  A, Dans A, Gondwe-Chunda L, Molefe-Baikai OJ, Gonzalez-Hermosillo JA, Hakim J, Damasceno A, Kamanzi ER, Musuku J, Davletov K, Connolly K, Mayosi BM, Yusuf S. 2020. The INVICTUS rheumatic heart disease research program: Rationale, design and baseline characteristics of a randomized trial of rivaroxaban compared to vitamin K antagonists in rheumatic valvular disease and atrial fibrillation. American Heart Journal, 225:69-77.
Katangwe TJ, van Toorn R, Solomons RS, Donald K, Steel S, Springer PE, Kruger M. 2020. A South African cerebral palsy registry is needed. SAMJ: South African Medica Journal, 110(5):353-354.
Kerklaan J, Hannan E, Baumgart A, Manera KE, Ju A, McCulloch M, Admani B, Dominello A, Esezobor C, Foster B, Hamilton A, Jankauskiene A, Johnson RJ, Liu I, Marks SD, Neu A, Schaefer F, Sutton S, Wolfenden S, Craig JC, Groothoff J, Howell M, Tong A. 2020. Patient-and parent proxy-reported outcome measures for life participation in children with chronic kidney disease: a systematic review. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 35(11):1924-1937.
Khan S, Spiegelman D, Walsh F, Mazibuko S, Pasipamire M, Chai B, Reis R, Mlambo K, Delva W, Khumalo G, Zwane M, Fleming Y, Mafara E, Hettema A, Lejeune C, Chao A, Bärnighausen T, Okello V. 2020. Early access to antiretroviral therapy versus standard of care among HIV-positive participants in Eswatini in the public health sector: the MaxART stepped-wedge randomized controlled trial. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 23(9):1-12.
Kija E, Wilmshurst JM. 2020. Approach to a Child with Epilepsy. Clinical Child Neurology, 795-808.
Kim AH, Sparks JA, Liew JW, Putman MS, Berenbaum F, Duarte-Garcı´a A, Graef ER, Korsten P, Sattui SE, Sirotich E, Ugarte-Gil MF, Webb K, Grainger R. 2020. A rush to judgment? Rapid reporting and dissemination of results and its consequences regarding the use of hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19. Annals of Internal Medicine; 172(12):819-822.
Kingswood JC, Belousova E, Benedik MP, Carter T, Cottin V, Curatolo P, Dahlin M, D’Amato L, Beaure d’Augères G, de Vries PJ, Ferreira JC, Feucht M, Fladrowski C, Hertzberg C, Jozwiak S, Lawson JA, Macaya A,  Marques R, Nabbout R, O’Callaghan  F, Qin J, Sander V, Shah S, Takahashi Y, Touraine R, Youroukos S, Zonnenberg B, Jansen AC and Sauter M. 2020. Renal Manifestations of Tuberous Sclerosis Complex: Key findings from the final analysis of the TOSCA Study focussing mainly on Renal Angiomyolipomas. Front. Neurol; 11:972.
Kriel M, Davidson A, Pillay K, Hendricks M, Phillips LA. 2020. Clinicopathologic Characterization of Children With B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Over 10 Years at a Tertiary Center in Cape Town, South Africa. Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, 42:e219-e227.
Kuchenbuch M, d’Onofrio G, Wirrell E, Jiang Y, Dupont S, Grinspan ZM, Auvin S, Wilmshurst JM, Arzimanoglou A, Cross JH, Specchio N, Nabbout R. 2020. An accelerated shift in the use of remote systems in epilepsy due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Epilepsy and Behavior, 112:1-8.
Kumar RK, Antunes MJ, Beaton A, Mirabel M, Nkomo VT, Okello E, Regmi PR, Reményi B, Sliwa-Hähnle K, Zühlke LJ, Sable C. 2020. Contemporary Diagnosis and Management of Rheumatic Heart Disease: Implications for Closing the Gap: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association. Circulation, 142:e337-e357.


Labuschaigne M, Slabbert M, Budree S, Hoosien E, Brink A, Blockman M. 2020. The ethicolegal framework relevant to human faecal microbiota transplants in South Africa: Part 1. A legal vacuum. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(8)812-815.
Labuschaigne M, Slabbert M, Budree S, Hoosien E, Brink A, Blockman M. 2020. "The ethicolegal framework relevant to human faecal microbiota transplants in South Africa: Part 2. Human stool as tissue?". SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(8):816-818.
Labuschaigne M, Slabbert M, Budree S, Hoosien E, Brink A, Blockman M. 2020. The ethicolegal framework relevant to human faecal microbiota transplants in South Africa: Part 3. Stool as a'drug'or medicine. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(8):819-821.
Lalji R, Francis A, Johnson DW, McCulloch M. 2020. Health disparities in access to kidney replacement therapy amongst children and adolescents with end stage kidney disease in low-and lower-middle income countries. Kidney International, 97(3):463-465.
Lalji R, Francis A, Wong G, Viecelli AK, Tong A, Teixeira-Pinto A, McCulloch M, Bello AK, Levin A, Lunney M, Osman MA, Ye F, Jha V, Feehally J, Harris DC, Johnson DW. 2020. Disparities in end-stage kidney disease care for children: a global survey. Kidney International, 98:527-532.
le Roux SM, Abrams EJ, Donald KA, Brittain K, Phillips TK, Zerbe A, le Roux DM, Kroon M, Myer L. 2020. Infectious morbidity of breastfed, HIV-exposed uninfected infants under conditions of universal antiretroviral therapy in South Africa: a prospective cohort study. Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 4(3):220-231.
Levesque V, Laplante L, Shohoudi A, Apers S, Kovacs AH, Luyckx K, Thomet C, Budts W, Enomoto J, Sluman MA, Lu CW, Jackson JL, Cook SC, Chidambarathanu S, Alday L, Eriksen K, Dellborg M, Berghammer M, Johansson B, Mackie AS, Menahem S, Caruana M, Veldtman G, Soufi A, Fernandes SM, White K, Callus E, Kutty S, Brouillette J, Casteigt B, Moons P, Khairy P. 2020. Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and patient-reported outcomes in adults with congenital heart disease: An international study. Heart Rhythm, 17(5):768-776.
Levin M, Eley B, Faust SN. 2020. Purpura Fulminans. Harper’s Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology (Book)_Hoeger P, Kinsler V,  Yan A(Eds); 1891-1905.
Levin M, Morais-Almeida M, Ansotegui IJ, Bernstein J, Chang YS, Chikhladze M, Ebisawa M, Fiocchi A, Heffler E, Martin B, Papadopoulos NG, Peden D, Wong GW. 2020. Acute asthma management during SARS-CoV2-pandemic.2020. World Allergy Organization Journal, 13(5):1-7.
Levin ME, Botha M, Basera W, Facey-Thomas HE, Gaunt B, Gray CL, Kiragu W, Ramjith J, Watkins A, Genuneit J. 2020. Environmental factors associated with allergy in urban and rural children from the South African Food Allergy (SAFFA) cohort. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 145(1):415-426.
Liu Y, Chen S, Zühlke L, Babu‑Narayan SV, Black GC, Choy M, Li N, Keavney BD. 2020. "Global prevalence of congenital heart disease in school‑age children: a meta‑analysis and systematic review". BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 20:488.
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Mabaso BP, Jaga A, Doherty T. 2020. Experiences of workplace breastfeeding in a provincial government setting: a qualitative exploratory study among managers and mothers in South Africa. International Breastfeeding Journal, 15:1-11.
MacDonald M, Dellis A, Mathews S, Marco J-L. 2020. Implementing E-mentoring with care-experienced youth under ‘lockdown’ – a South African experience. Journal of Children's Services, 15(4):253-258.
MacGinty RP, Kariuki SM, Barnett W, Wedderburn CJ, Hardy A, Hoffman N, Newton CR, Zar HJ, Donald KA, Stein DJ. 2020. Associations of antenatal maternal psychological distress with infantbirth and development outcomes: Results from a South African birthcohort. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 96:1-11.
Machingaidze PR, Buys H, Kilborn T, Muloiwa R. 2020. Clinical use and indications for head computed tomography in children presenting with acute medical illness in a low-and middle-income setting. PLoS ONE, 15(9):e0239731.
Madhi SA, Polack FP, Piedra PA, Munoz FM, Trenholme AA, Simões EA, Swamy GK, Agrawal S, Ahmed K, August A, Baqui AH, Calvert A, Chen J, Cho I, Cotton MF, Cutland CL, Englund JA, Fix A, Gonik B, Hammitt L, Heath PT, de Jesus JN, Jones CE, Khalil A, Kimberlin DW, Libster R, Llapur CJ, Lucero M, Pérez Marc G, Marshall HS, Masenya MS, Martinón‑Torres F, Meece JK, Nolan TM, Osman A, Perrett KP, Plested JS, Richmond PC, Snape MD, Shakib JH, Shinde V, Stoney T, Thomas DN, Tita AT, Varner MW, Vatish M, Vrbicky K, Wen J, Zaman K, Zar HJ, Glenn GM, Fries LF. 2020. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccination during Pregnancy and Effects in Infants. New England Journal of Medicine, 383:426-439.
Mahtab S, Lawrenson J, Jamieson-Luff N, Asafu-Agyei NA, Meiring A, Lemmer-Hunsinger C, Myer L, Zar HJ, Zühlke LJ. 2020. Echocardiographic Findings in a Cohort of Perinatally HIV-Infected Adolescents Compared with Uninfected Peers from the Cape Town Adolescent Antiretroviral Cohort. Journal of The American Society of Echocardiography, 33:604-611.
Mahtab S, Scott C, Asafu-Agyei NA, Machemedze T, Frigati L, Myer L, Zar HJ. 2020. Prevalence and predictors of bone health among perinatally HIV-infected adolescents. AIDS, 34(14):2061-2070.
Manera KE, Johnson DW, Craig JC, Shen JI, Gutman T, Cho Y, Wang AY, Brown EA, Brunier G, Dong J, Dunning T, Mehrotra R, Naicker S, Pecoits-Filho R, Perl J, Wilkie M, Tong A, Nourse P. 2020. Establishing a Core Outcome Set for Peritoneal Dialysis: Report of the SONG-PD (Standardized Outcomes in Nephrology–Peritoneal Dialysis) Consensus Workshop. American Journal of Kidney Diseases, 75(3):404-412.
Manenzhe R.I., Dube F.S., Wright M., Lennard K., Zar H.J., Mounaud S., Nierman W.C., Nicol M.P.,Moodley C. 2020. Longitudinal changes in the nasopharyngeal resistome of South African infants using shotgun metagenomic sequencing. PLoS ONE, 15(4):1-12.
Manenzhe RI, Dube FS, Wright M, Lennard K, Mounaud S, Lo SW, Zar HJ, Nierman WC, Nicol MP, Moodley C. 2020. Characterization of Pneumococcal Colonization Dynamics and Antimicrobial Resistance Using Shotgun Metagenomic Sequencing in Intensively Sampled South African Infants. Frontiers in Public Health, 8:543898.
Marais BJ, Nicol M, Zar HJ. 2020. Key advances and remaining challenges in childhood and adolescent tuberculosis. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, 36:25-26.
Marangu D, Gray D, Vanker A, Zampoli M. 2020. Exogenous lipoid pneumonia in children: A systematic review. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, 33:45-51.
Martinez L, Cords O, Horsburgh CR, Andrews JR... Hatherill M(UCT author), Zar H(dept author). 2020. The risk of tuberculosis in children after close exposure: a systematic review and individual-participant meta-analysis. Lancet, 395(10228):973-984.
Masekela R, Vanker A. 2020. Lung Health in Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: Addressing the Need for Cleaner Air. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(17):1-13.
Mathioudakis AG, Custovic A, Deschildre A, Ducharme FM, Kalayci, O, Murray C, Garcia AN, Phipatanakul W, Price D, Sheikh A, Agache I, Bacharier L, Bonini M, Castro-Rodriguez JA, De Carlo G, Craig T, Diamant Z, Feleszko W,  Ierodiakonou D, Gern JE, Grigg J, Hedlin G, Hossny EM, Jartti T, Kaplan A, Lemanske RF, Le Souef P, Makela MJ, Matricardi PM, Miligkos M, Morais-Almeida M, Pite H, Pitrez PM, Pohunek P, Roberts G, Sanchez-Garcia S, Tsiligianni I, Turner S, Winders TA, Wong G, Xepapadaki P, Zar HJ, Papadopoulos NG. 2020. Research Priorities in Pediatric Asthma: Results of a Global Survey of Multiple Stakeholder Groups by the Pediatric Asthma in Real Life (PeARL) Think Tank. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, 8:1953-1960.
McClenaghan E, Cosgriff R, Brownlee K, Ahern S, Burgel PR, Byrnes CA, Colombo C, Corvol H, Cheng SY, Daneau G, Elbert A, Faro A, Goss CH, Gulmans V, Gutierrez H, de Monestrol I, Jung A, Justus LN, Kashirskaya N, Marshall BC, McKone E, Middleton PG, Mondejar-Lopez P, Pastor-Vivero MD, Padoan R, Rizvi S, Ruseckaite R, Salvatore M, Stephenson AL, da Silva Filho LV, Melo J, Zampoli M, Carr SB. 2020. The global impact of SARS-CoV-2 in 181 people with cystic fibrosis. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 19(6):868-871.
McCulloch MI, Nourse P, Argent AC. 2020. Use of locally prepared peritoneal dialysis (PD) fluid for acute PD in children and infants in Africa. Peritoneal Dialysis International, 40(5):441-445.
McCulloch M, Abugrain K, Mosalakatane T, Coetzee A, Webb K, Scott C. 2020. Peritoneal dialysis for treatment of acute kidney injury in a case of paediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with SARS-CoV-2. Peritoneal Dialysis International, 40(5):515-517.
Mekki MS, Ibekwe R, Wilmshurst JM. 2020. Pediatric Status Epilepticus. Clinical Child Neurology, 777-794.
Meldau S, Fratter C, Bhengu LN, Sergeant K, Khan K, Riordan GT, Berman PA. 2020. Pitfalls of relying on genetic testing only to diagnose inherited metabolic disorders in non-western populations-5 cases of pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency from South Africa. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports, 24:1-3.
Menon K, Schlapbach LJ, Akech S, Argent, A, Chiotos K, Chisti MJ, Hamid J, Ishimine P, Kissoon N, Lodha R, Oliveira CF, Peters M, Tissieres P, Watson RS, Wiens MO, Wynn JL, Sorce LR. 2020. Pediatric Sepsis Definition - A systematic review protocol by the Pediatric Sepsis Definition Taskforce. Critical Care Explorations;  2(1):7.
Michaelis R, Tang V, Nevitt SJ, Wagner JL, Modi AC, LaFrance Jr WC, Goldstein LH, Gandy M, Bresnahan R, Valente K, Donald KA, Reuber M. 2020. Psychological treatments for people with epilepsy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 8(1):116
Mitiku AD, Argaw MD, Desta BF, Tsegaye ZT, Atsa AA, Tefera BB, Teferi E, Rogers D, Beshir IA, Alemu AG, Ayesa DA, Abate DT, Sendeku AG, Muloiwa R. 2020. Pertussis outbreak in southern Ethiopia: challenges of detection, management, and response. BMC Public Health, 20:1-12.
Moore DP, Green RJ, Cohen C, Itzikowitz G, Andronikou S, Argent AC, Avenant T, Jeena P, Masekela R, Nicol MP, Pillay A, Reubenson G, Madhi SA, Zar HJ. 2020. Epidemiology and aetiology of community-acquired pneumonia in children: South African Thoracic Society guidelines (part 1). SAMJ: South African Medical Journal; 110(7):583-587.
Moodley S, Goddard E, Levin M, Scott C, van Eyssen A, Davidson A, De Decker R, Wilmshurst JM, Spitaels A, Eley B. 2020. A retrospective description of primary immunodeficiency diseases at Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa, 1975-2017. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(3):197-203.
Moons P. 2020. Nursing research in congenital heart disease has grown up. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 19(4):280-281.
Moons P. 2020. Propensity weighting: how to minimise comparative bias in non-randomised studies? European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 19(1):83-88.
Moons P.  2020. Quality-of-life research in the European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing: A call for more conceptual scrutiny. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 19(5):373-375.
Moons P, Prikken S, Luyckx K. 2020. Chronic illness as a ‘family disease’: The need for appropriate scientific methods for dyadic research    European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 19(2):98-99.
Mora MA, Saarijärvi M, Sparud-Lundin C, Moons P, Bratt EL. 2020. Empowering young persons with congenital heart disease: Using intervention mapping to develop a transition program-the STEPSTONES project. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 50:e8-e17.
Mora MA, Sparud-Lundin C, Bratt E, Moons P. 2020. Empowering Young Persons During the Transition to Adulthood (Book Chapter). Transition from Pediatric to Adult Healthcare Services for Adolescents and Young Adults with Long-term Conditions (Book) - CT Betz, IT Coyne (eds), 19-46.
Morais-Almeida M, Aguiar R, Martin B, Ansotegui IJ, Ebisawa M, Arruda LK, Caminati, Canonica GW, Carr T,  Chupp G, Corren J, Dávila I, Park HS, Hanania NA, Rosenwasser L, Sánchez-Borges M, Virchow JC, Yáñez A, Bernstein JA, Caraballo L, Chang YS, Chikhladze M, Fiocchi A, González-Diaz SN, Tanno LK, Levin M, Ortega-Martell JA, Passalacqua G, Peden DB, Rouadi PW, Sublett JL, Wong GW, Bleecker ER. 2020. COVID-19, asthma, and biologic therapies: What we need to know. World Allergy Organization Journal, 13:1-9.
Morrow B. 2020. Commentary: Ethical considerations for COVID-19 research. Southern African Journal of Critical Care; 36(1):8-9.
Morrow B, Gopalan PD, Joubert I, Paruk F, Pope A. 2020. Critical care triage during the COVID-19 pandemic in South Africa: A constitutional imperative!  SAMJ: South African Medical Journal. 110(12):1176-1179.
Mouton JP, Fortuin-de Smidt MC, Jobanputra N, Mehta U, Stewart A, de Waal R, Technau KG, Argent A, Kroon M, Scott C, Cohen K.  2020. Serious adverse drug reactions at two children’s hospitals in South Africa. BMC Pediatrics, 20:1-14.
Mpisane F, Brooks A, Perkins S, Basera W, Zuhlke LJ. 2020. Post cardiac surgery sternal wound sepsis burden, risk factors and outcomes at Red Cross War Memorial Children’s Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa: A five-year experience. SA Heart, 17(1):78-89.
Muloiwa R, Nicol MP, Hussey GD, Zar HJ. 2020. Diagnostic limitations of clinical case definitions of pertussis in infants and children with severe lower respiratory tract infection. PLoS ONE, 15(7):1-13.
Muloiwa R, Dube FS, Nicol MP, Hussey GD, Zar HJ. 2020. Co-detection of Bordetella pertussis and other respiratory organisms in children hospitalised with lower respiratory tract infection. Scientific Reports, 10:1-10.
Muloiwa R, Dube FS, Nicol MP, Hussey GD, Zar HJ. 2020. Risk factors for Bordetella pertussis disease in hospitalized children. PLoS ONE, 15(10):1-13.
Muloiwa R, Kagina BM, Engel ME, Hussey GD. 2020. The burden of laboratory-confirmed pertussis in low- and middle-income countries since the inception of the Expanded Programme on Immunisation (EPI) in 1974: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Medicine, 18:1-17.


Naudé PJ, Claassen-Weitz S, Gardner-Lubbe S, Botha G, Kaba M, Zar HJ, Nicol MP, Stein DJ. 2020. Association of maternal prenatal psychological stressors and distress with maternal and early infant faecal bacterial profile. Acta Neuropsychiatrica, 32(1):32-42.
Nicol MP, Zar HJ. 2020. Advances in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, 36:52-56.
Niespodziana K, Borochova K, Pazderova P, Schlederer T, Astafyeva N, Baranovskaya T, Barbouche MR, Beltiukov E, Berger A, Borzova E, Bousquet J, Bumbacea RS, Bychkovskaya S, Caraballo L, Chung KF, Custovic A, Docena G, Eiwegger T, Evsegneeva I, Emelyanov A, Errhalt P, Fassakhov R, Fayzullina R, Fedenko E, Fomina D, Gao Z,  Giavina-Bianchi P, Gotua M, Greber-Platzer S, MD, Hedlin G, Ilina N, Ispayeva Z, Idzko M, Johnston SL, Kalayci O, Karaulov A, Karsonova A, Khaitov M, Kovzel E, Kowalski ML, Kudlay D, Levin M, Makarova S, Matricardi PM, Nadeau KC, Namazova-Baranova L, Naumova O, Nazarenko O, O’Byrne PM, Osier F, Pampura AN, Panaitescu C,  Papadopoulos NG, Park HS, Pawankar R, Pohl W, Renz H, Riabova K, Sampath V, Sekerel BE, Sibanda E, Siroux V, Sizyakina LP, Sun JL, Z Szepfalusi, Umanets T, Van Bever HP, van Hage M, Vasileva M, von Mutius E, Wang JY, Wong GW, Zaikov S, Zidarn M, Valenta R. 2020. Toward personalization of asthma treatment according to trigger factors. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunolgy, 145:1529-1534.
Nkoy AB, Ndiyo YM, Matoka TT, Odio BM, Kazadi OK, Aloni MN, Collard L, McCulloch M, Ngiyulu RM, Gini JL, Lepira FB, van den Heuvel LP, Levtchenko E, Ekulu PM. 2020. A promising pediatric peritoneal dialysis experience in a resource-limited setting with the support of saving young lives program. Peritoneal Dialysis International, 40(5):504-508.
North N, Leonard A, Bonaconsa C, Duma T, Coetzee M. 2020. Distinctive nursing practices in working with mothers to care for hospitalised children at a district hospital in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a descriptive observational study. BMC Nursing, 19:1-12.
Nyakato P, Davies MA, Technau KG, Fatti G, Rabie H, Tanser F, Boulle A, Wood R, Eley B, Sawry S, Giddy J, Sipambo N, Kuhn L, Fairlie L. 2020. Virologic response to efavirenz-based firstline antiretroviral therapy in children with previous exposure to antiretrovirals to prevent mother-to-child transmission. PLoS ONE, 15(5):1-9.
Nyberg HB, Draper HR, Garcia-Prats AJ, Thee S, Bekker A, Zar HJ, Hooker AC, Schaaf HS, McIlleron H, Hesseling AC, Denti P. 2020. Population pharmacokinetics and dosing of ethionamide in children with tuberculosis. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 64(3):1-12.


Ogunbosi BO, Moodley C, Naicker P, Nuttall J, Bamford C, Eley B. 2020. Colonisation with extended spectrum betalactamase-producing and carbapenemresistant Enterobacterales in children admitted to a paediatric referral hospital in South Africa    PLoS ONE, 15(11):1-16.
Ojo-Okunola A, Claassen-Weitz S, Mwaikono KS, Gardner-Lubbe S, Zar HJ, Nicol MP, du Toit E. 2020. The Influence of DNA Extraction and Lipid Removal on Human Milk Bacterial Profiles. Methods and Protocols; 3(1):17. 
Ombelet F, Goossens E, Van De Bruaene A, Budts W, Moons P. 2020. Newly Developed Adult Congenital Heart Disease Anatomic and Physiological Classification: First Predictive Validity Evaluation. Journal of the American Heart Association, 9:1-5.
Ombelet F, Goossens E, Willems R, Annemans L, Budts W, De Backer J, De Groote K, Moniotte S, Van Bulck L, Marelli A, Moons P. 2020. Creating the BELgian COngenital heart disease database combining administrative and clinical data (BELCODAC): Rationale, design and methodology. International Journal of Cardiology, 316:72-78.
Owusu SK, Morrow BM, White D, Klugman S, Vanker A, Gray D, Zampoli M. 2020. Cystic fibrosis in black African children in South Africa: a case control study. Journal of Cystic Fibrosis, 19:540-545.


Papadopoulos NG, Custovic A, Deschildre A, Mathioudakis AG, Phipatanakul W, Wong G, Xepapadaki P, Agache I,  Bacharier L, Bonini M, Castro-Rodriguez JA, Chen Z, Craig T, Ducharme FM, El-Sayed ZA, Feleszko W, Fiocchi A,  Garcia-Marcos L, Gern JE, Goh A, Maximiliano Gómez R, Hamelmann EH, Hedlin G, Hossny EM, Jartti T, Kalayci O,   Kaplan A, Konradsen J, Kuna P, Lau S, Le Souef P, Lemanske RF, Mäkelä MJ, Morais-Almeida M, Murray C,  Nagaraju K, Namazova-Baranova L, Garcia AN, Yusuf OM, Pitrez PM, Pohunek P, Beltrán CF, Roberts GC, Valiulis A, Zar HJ. 2020. Impact of COVID-19 on pediatric asthma: practice adjustments and disease burden. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, 8(8):2592-2599.
Patterson J, Hussey HS, Silal S, Goddard L, Setshedi M, Spearman W, Hussey GD, Kagina BM, Muloiwa R. 2020. Systematic review of the global epidemiology of viral-induced acute liver failure. BMJ Open, 10(7):1-11.
Paulsen G, Michaels MG, Danziger‐Isakov L, Dipchand AI, Green M, McCulloch M. 2020. Variability of Pneumocystis jirovecii prophylaxis use among pediatric solid organ transplant providers. Pediatric Transplantation, 24(1):6.
Peckham H, de Gruijter NM, Raine C, Radziszewska A, Ciurtin C, Wedderburn LR, Rosser E, Webb K, Deakin CT. 2020. Male sex identified by global COVID-19 meta-analysis as a risk factor for death and ITU admission. Nature Communications, 11:1-10.
Peeling RW, Wedderburn CJ, Garcia PJ, Boeras D, Fongwen N, Nkengasong J, Sall A, Tanuri A, Heymann DL. 2020. Serology testing in the COVID-19 pandemic response. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 20(9):e245-e249.
Peters F, Karthikeyan G, Abrams J, Muhwava L, Zühlke L. 2020. Rheumatic heart disease: current status of diagnosis and therapy. Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy, 10(2):305-315.  
Petersen R, Procter C, Donald KA. 2020. Assessment and Management of the Child with Cerebral Palsy. Clinical Child Neurology, 175-203.
Pignolo RJ, Cheung K, Kile S, Fitzpatrick MA, De Cunto C, Al Mukaddam M, Hsiao EC, Baujat G, Delai P, Eekhoff EM, Di Rocco M, Grunwald Z, Haga N, Keen R, Levi B, Morhart R, Scott C, Sherman A, Zhang K, Kaplan FS. 2020. Self-reported baseline phenotypes from the International Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva (FOP) Association Global Registry. Bone, 134:1-7.
Pillay T, Andronikou S, Zar HJ. 2020. Chest imaging in paediatric pulmonary TB. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, 36:65-72.
Pittet LF, Danziger‐Isakov L, Allen UD, Ardura MI, Chaudhuri A, Goddard E, Höcker B, Michaels MG, Van der Linden D, Green M, Posfay‐Barbe KM. 2020. Management and prevention of varicella and measles infections in pediatric solid organ transplant candidates and recipients: An IPTA survey of current practice. Pediatric Transplantation, 24:1-8.
Platts-Mills TA, Commins SP, Biedermann T, van Hage M, Levin M, Beck LA, Diuk-Wasser M, Jappe U, Apostolovic D, Minnicozzi M, Plaut M, Wilson JM. 2020. On the cause and consequences of IgE to galactose-α-1, 3-galactose: a Report from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease Workshop on Understanding IgE-Mediated Mammalian Meat Allergy. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 145(4):1061-1071.
Prikken S, Raymaekers K, Oris L, Weets I, Moons P, Luyckx K. 2020. Illness intrusiveness in parents of youth with type 1 diabetes: A longitudinal study. Pediatric Diabetes, 21(5):890-899.


Quvile T, Wilmshurst JM. 2020. Febrile Seizures. Clinical Child Neurology, 767-776. 


Raina R, Bedoyan JK, Lichter-Konecki U, Jouvet P, Picca S, Mew NA, Machado MC, Chakraborty R, Vemuganti M, Grewal MK, Bunchman T, Sethi SK, Krishnappa V, McCulloch M, Alhasan K, Bagga A, Basu RK, Schaefer F, Filler G, Warady BA. 2020. Consensus guidelines for management of hyperammonaemia in paediatric patients receiving continuous kidney replacement therapy. Nature Reviews Nephrology,16:471-482.
Ramnath VR, Zar HJ, Malhotra A. 2020. Addressing the “What do we have to lose? Just give the drug” rationale: making the case for clinical trials and against off-label use in COVID-19. Journal of Thoracic Disease, 12(16):3031-3034.
Raymaekers K, Prikken S, Vanhalst J, Moons P, Goossens E, Oris L, Weets I, Luyckx K. 2020. The Social Context and Illness Identity in Youth with Type 1 Diabetes: A Three-Wave Longitudinal Study. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 49: 449-466.
Reis R, Crone MR, Berckmoes LH. 2020. Unpacking Context and Culture in Mental Health Pathways of Child and Adolescent Refugees (Book Chapter). Child, Adolescent and Family Refugee Mental Health (Book) - SJ Song, P Ventevogel  (eds), 37-51.
Reubenson G, Avenant T, Moore DP, Itzikowitz G, Andronikou S, Cohen C, Green RJ, Jeena P, Masekela R, Nicol MP, Pillay A, Madhi SA, Zar HJ, Argent AC. 2020. Management of community-acquired pneumonia in children: South African Thoracic Society guidelines (part 3). SAMJ: South African Medical Journal; 110(8):734-740.
Rossouw B, McCulloch M. 2020. Paediatric critical care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Southern African Journal of Critical Care;  36(1):10-11.
Richards M, Le Roux D, Cooke L, Argent A. 2020. The Influence of High Flow Nasal Cannulae on the Outcomes of Severe Respiratory Disease in Children Admitted to a Regional Hospital in South Africa. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 66:612-620.
Riemer LJ, Le Roux SM, Harrison MC,Tooke L. 2020. Short-term outcomes of HIV-exposed and HIV-unexposed preterm, very low birthweight neonates: a longitudinal, hospital-based study. Journal of Perinatology, 40:445-455.
Roos A, Fouche JP, du Toit S, du Plessis S, Stein DJ, Donald KA. 2020. Structural brain network development in children following prenatal methamphetamine exposure. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 528(11):1856-1863.
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Ruthe J, North N. 2020. Developing a specialist children’s nursing workforce in sub-Saharan Africa: a descriptive programme evaluation. BMC Nursing, 19:1-12.
Rutter CE, Silverwood RJ, Asher MI, Ellwood P, Pearce N, Garcia-Marcos L, Strachan DP and the ISAAC Phase Three Study Group Zar HJ (dept author). 2020. Comparison of individual-level and population-level risk factors for rhinoconjunctivitis, asthma, and eczema in the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) Phase Three. World Allergy Organization Journal,  13(6):1-25.


Saarijärvi M, Wallin L, Moons P, Gyllensten H, Bratt EL. 2020. Factors affecting adolescents’ participation in randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness of healthcare interventions: the case of the STEPSTONES project. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 20:1-11.
Samia P, Kanana M, King J, Donald KA, Newton CR, Denckla C. 2020. Childhood Autism Spectrum Disorder: Insights from a Tertiary Hospital Cohort In Kenya. African Journal of Health Sciences; 33(2):12-21. 
Samia P, Wilmshurst JM. 2020. Common Childhood Epilepsy Mimics. Clinical Child Neurology, 743-765.                            
Sattui SE, Liew JW, Graef ER, Coler-Reilly A, Berenbaum F, Duarte-García A, Harrison C, Konig MF, Korsten P, Putman MS, Robinson PC, Sirotich E, Ugarte-Gil MF, Webb K, Young KJ, Kim AHJ, Sparks JA. 2020. Swinging the pendulum: lessons learned from public discourse concerning hydroxychloroquine and COVID-19. Expert Review of Clinical Immunology, 16(7):659-666.
Schewitz IA, Zar H, Masekela R, Gordon S, Ozoh O, Kagima J, Gray D, Binegdie A, Irungu A, Worodria W. 2020. Unintended consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic in Africa. Journal of the Pan African Thoracic Society; 1(1):3-5.
Sethi SK, Mittal A, Nair N, Bagga A, Iyenger A, Ali U, Sinha R, Agarwal I, de Sousa Tavares M, Abeyagunawardena A, Hanif M, Shreshtha D, Moorani K, Asim S, Kher V, Alhasan K, Mourani C, Al Riyami M, Bunchman TE, McCulloch M, Raina R. 2020. Pediatric Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy (PCRRT) expert committee recommendation on prescribing prolonged intermittent renal replacement therapy (PIRRT) in critically ill children. Hemodialysis International, 24(2):237-251.
Sher R, Dlamini S, Muloiwa R. 2020. Patterns of detectable viral load in a cohort of HIV‐positive adolescents on antiretroviral therapy in South Africa. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 23(3):1-6.
Skogby S, Moons P, Goossens E, Johansson B, Bratt EL. 2020. Response to the Letter to the editor by Shoar et al. on outpatient volumes and medical staffing resources as predictors for continuity of follow-up care during transfer of adolescents with congenital heart disease. International Journal of Cardiology, 1;312:63.
Skogby S, Moons P, Johansson B, Sunnegårdh J, Christersson C, Nagy E, Winberg P, Hanséus K, Trzebiatowska-Krzynska A, Fadl S, Fernlund E, Kazamia K, Rydberg A, Zuhlke L, Goossens E, Bratt E-L. 2020. Outpatient volumes and medical staffing resources as predictors for continuity of follow-up care during transfer of adolescents with congenital heart disease. International Journal of Cardiology, 310:51-57.
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Szefler SJ, Fitzgerald DA, Adachi Y, Doull IJ, Fischer GB, Fletcher M, Hong J, García‐Marcos L, Pedersen S, Østrem A, Sly PD, Williams S, Winders T, Zar HJ, Bush A, Lenney W. 2020. A worldwide charter for all children with asthma. Pediatric Pulmonology, 55(5):1282-1292.


Telford LH, Abdullahi LH, Ochodo EA, Zuhlke LJ, Engel ME. 2020. Standard echocardiography versus handheld echocardiography for the detection of subclinical rheumatic heart disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy. BMJ Open, 10:1-9.
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Troeger CE, Khalil IA, Blacker BF, Biehl MH, Albertson SB, Zimsen SR, Rao PC, Abate D, Admasie A, Ahmadi A, Ahmed ML… Zar HJ (dept author). 2020. Quantifying risks and interventions that have affected the burden of lower respiratory infections among children younger than 5 years: an analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 20(1):60-79.
Trautmann A,  Vivarelli M, Samuel S, Gipson D, Sinha A, Schaefer F, Hui NK, Boyer O, Saleem MA, Feltran L,  Müller-Deile J, Becker JU, Cano F, Xu H, Lim YN, Smoyer W, Anochie I, Nakanishi K, Hodson E, Haffner D, McCulloch M. 2020. IPNA clinical practice recommendations for the diagnosis and management of children with steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. Pediatric Nephrology, 35(8):1529-1561.
Troeger CE, Khalil IA, Blacker BF, Biehl MH, Albertson SB, Zimsen SR, Rao PC, Abate D, Ahmadi A, Ahmed ML… Zar HJ (dept author). 2020. Quantifying risks and interventions that have affected the burden of diarrhoea among children younger than 5 years: an analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 20(1):37-59.
Tsondai PR, Braithwaite K, Fatti G, Moore CB, Chimbetete C, Rabie H, Phiri S, Sawry S, Eley B, Hobbins MA, Boulle A, Taghavim K, Sohnn AH, Davies MA. 2020. Characteristics and outcomes of adolescents living with perinatally acquired HIV within Southern Africa. AIDS, 34(15):2275-2284.
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Van Bulck L, Kovacs AH, Goossens E, Luyckx K, Jaarsma T, Strömberg A, Moons P. 2020. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on ongoing cardiovascular research projects: considerations and adaptations. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 19(6):465-468.
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Van der Elst K, Verschueren P, De Cock D, De Groef A, Stouten V, Pazmino S, Vriezekolk J, Joly J, Moons P, Westhovens R. 2020. One in five patients with rapidly and persistently controlled early rheumatoid arthritis report poor well-being after 1 year of treatment. RMD Open, 6(1):8.
van Dessel L, Santens B, Troost E, De Meester P, Roggen L, Rega F, Meyns B, Cools B, Gewillig M, Moons P, Meier L, Budts W, Van De Bruaene A. 2020. Pulmonary Hemodynamics and Outcome in a Large Cohort of Patients with Sinus Venosus Septal Defect. Congenital Heart Disease, 15(2):69-78.
Van Heerden J, Geel J, Hendricks M, Wouters K, Büchner A, Naidu G, Hadley GP, Du Plessis J, Van Emmenes B, Van Zyl A, Vermeulen J, Kruger M. 2020. The evaluation of induction chemotherapy regimens for high-risk neuroblastoma in South African children. Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, 37(4):300-313.
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van Rensburg R, Lorente VP, Blockman M, Moodley K, Wilmshurst JM, Decloedt EH. 2020. Medical cannabis: What practitioners need to know. SAMJ: South African Medical Journal, 110(3):192-196.
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Vandenbroucke NJ, Zampoli M, Morrow B. 2020. Lung function determinants and mortality of children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis in South Africa 2007‐2016. Pediatric Pulmonology, 55(6):1381-1387.
Verstraete J, Lloyd A, Scott D, Jelsma J. 2020. How does the EQ-5D-Y Proxy version 1 perform in 3, 4 and 5-year-old children?  Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 18:1-10.
Verstraete J, Ramma L, Jelsma J. 2020. Validity and reliability testing of the Toddler and Infant (TANDI) Health Related Quality of Life instrument for very young children. Journal of Patient-Reported Outcomes; 4(1):14.  
Viljoen N, Hendricks M, Panieri E, Aldera AP. 2020. Papillary thyroid carcinoma presenting as miliary nodules on chest roentgenogram in the paediatric setting: a case report. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, 72:322-325.


Walsh F, Khan S, Bärnighausen T, Hettema A, Lejeune C, Mazibuko S, Mlambo CK, Reis R, Fleming Y, Khumalo G, Zwane M, Okello V, Spiegelman D. 2020. Getting to 90–90–90: Experiences from the MaxART Early Access to ART for All (EAAA) Trial in Eswatini. Current HIV/AIDS Reports, 17:324-332.
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Warady BA, Schaefer F, Bagga A, Cano F, McCulloch M, Yap HK, Shroff R. 2020. Prescribing peritoneal dialysis for high-quality care in children. Peritoneal Dialysis International, 40(3):333-340.
Warner J. 2020. Asthma/Rhinitis (The United Airway) and Allergy: Chicken or Egg; Which Comes First? Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9(5):1-11.
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Weiss SL, Peters MJ, Alhazzani W, Agus MS, Flori HR, Inwald DP, Nadel S, Schlapbach LJ, Tasker RC, Argent AC, Brierley J, Carcillo J, Carrol ED, Carroll CL, Cheifetz IM, Choong K, Cies JJ, Cruz AT, De Luca D, Deep A, Faust SN,  De Oliveira CF, Hall MW, Ishimine P, Javouhey E, Joosten KFM, Joshi  P, Karam O, Kneyber MCJ, Lemson J, MacLaren G, Mehta NM, Moller MH, Newth CJL, Nguyen TC, Nishisaki A, Nunnally ME, Parker MM, Paul RM, Randolph AG, Ranjit S, Romer LH, Scott HF, Tume LN, Verger JT, Williams EA, Wolf J, Wong HR, Zimmerman JJ, Kissoon N, Tissieres P. 2020. Surviving sepsis campaign international guidelines for the management of septic shock and sepsis-associated organ dysfunction in children. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, 46:10-67.
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Yang FL, Gau BS, Yang HL, Lin MT, Moons P. 2020. Energy Balance-Related Behaviors and Body Mass Index in Asian School-Aged Children With Congenital Heart Disease. Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 35(3):291-299.
Yassin S, De Lacy R, Pillay K, Goddard E. 2020. Characteristics and Outcomes of Autoimmune Hepatitis from a Tertiary Paediatric Centre, Cape Town, South Africa. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics, 66(4):448-457.
Yeo KT, Oei JL, De Luca D, Schmölzer GM, Guaran R, Palasanthiran P, Kumar K, Buonocore G, Cheong J, Owen LS, Kusuda, James J, Lim G, Sharma A, Uthaya S, Gale C, Whittaker E, Battersby C, Modi N, Norman M, Naver L, Giannoni E, DiambombaY, Shah PS, Gagliardi L, Harrison M, Pillay S, Alburaey A, Yuan Y, Zhang H. 2020. Review of guidelines and recommendations from 17 countries highlights the challenges that clinicians face caring for neonates born to mothers with COVID‐19. Acta Paediatrica, 109(11):2192-2207.
Yilmaz O, Gochicoa‐Rangel L, Blau H, Epaud R, Lands LC, Lombardi E, Moore PE, Stein RT, Wong GW, Zar HJ. 2020. Brief report: International perspectives on the pediatric COVID‐19 experience. Pediatric Pulmonology, 55(7):1598-1600.


Zaman T, Helbig KL, Clatot J, Thompson CH, Kang SK, Stouffs K, Jansen AE, Verstraete L, Jacquinet A, Parrini E, Guerrini R, Fujiwara Y, Miyatake S, Ben-Zeev B, Bassan H, Reish O, Marom D, Hauser N, Vu T, Ackermann S, Spencer CE, Lippa N, Srinivasan S, Charzewska A, Hoffman-Zacharska D, Fitzpatrick D, Harrison V, Vasudevan P. 2020. SCN3A‐related neurodevelopmental disorder: A spectrum of epilepsy and brain malformation. Annals of Neurology, 88(2):348-362.
Zampoli M, Gray D, Lake L, Levin M, Vanker A, Zar HJ. 2020. Advancing pediatric lung health in Africa: COVID-19 and beyond.  Journal of the Pan African Thoracic Society; 1(1):6-14.
Zar HJ, Dawa J, Fischer GB, Castro-Rodriguez JA. 2020. Challenges of COVID-19 in children in low- and middle-income countries.  Paediatric Respiratory Reviews, 35:70-74.
Zar HJ, Green RJ, Madhi SA. 2020. Childhood pneumonia in the context of COVID-19: Updated South African guidelines.  SAMJ: South African Medical Journal; 110(7):581-582.
Zar HJ, Moore DP, Andronikou S, Argent AC, Avenant T, Cohen C, Green RJ, Itzikowitz G, Jeena P, Nicol MP, Pillay A, Reubenson G, Masekela R, Madhi SA. 2020. Prevention of community-acquired pneumonia in children: South African Thoracic Society guidelines (part 4). SAMJ: South African Medical Jouranl; 110(8):741-746.
Zar HJ, Moore DP, Itzikowitz G, Green RJ, Argent AC, Avenant T, Cohen C, Jeena P, Masekela R, Pillay A, Reubenson G, Madhi SA, Andronikou S, Nicol MP. 2020. Diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia in children: South African Thoracic Society guidelines (part 2). SAMJ: South African Medical Jouranl; 110(7):588-593.
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